Abstract This paper will focus on research studies, collection of data, analyzing data, human participants of research studies, selection of research candidates, and treatment of research participants. It will also compare the various methods of research and data collection. Lastly, report should help to answer the question, “What can researchers do to protect the rights and ensure ethical treatment of human participants in research studies?” ETHICAL TREATMENT OF PARTICIPANTS IN RESEARCH STUDIES Research administration and leadership directly help to serve the needs of researchers, scientists, research programs, instructions, and the public. Research can be classified as an encompassing profession that integrates all of the many arts and sciences that serves as the foundational make-up of research. When it comes to understanding the arts and sciences and creating and developing a research program, one must keep in mind the importance and concerns of the treatment of participants and ethical conduct.
I am going to focus on some of the good and bad points by critically appraising this article. Firstly, the aims of this research are clearly stated in the title, abstract and main body. This piece of research had stated the goal and its relevance of this research to future rehabilitation. The authors stated why the need for this research was in the introduction and explained the aims were to attempt to evaluate patients’ perceptions on cardiac rehabilitation. This research is also relevant to the authors and the London Teaching Hospital so they can build opinions and improve their rehabilitation service.
Improvements in the prevention and treatment of illness have also reduced the cost of illness. Research in biomedical sciences, conducted on humans, will continue to help mankind discover new drugs and therapeutic strategies. Nonetheless, biomedical research that is performed on humans must strictly comply with medical ethics that are sanctioned in the Declaration of Helsinki and other applicable ethical laws. Informed consent plays a major role in ensuring the rights; safety and wellbeing of the study subjects. Informed consent is a process by which a subject voluntarily confirms his or her willingness to participate in a particular trial, after having been informed of all aspects of the trial, including potential risks and benefits and alternative management options that are relevant to the subject’s decision to participate.
These are all things we expect to get when we visit the doctor as this is why we go there. However the biomedical model also puts some less obvious guidelines in place for doctors and other medical professionals to work to. For instance no blame should be attached to the patient who comes for help, no matter what the condition and that the cause of any illness is biological and only biological. It is these guidelines which make the biomedical model so affective when treating patients directly for their illness. Some of the main benefits of using these guidelines and the biomedical model however can be more easily seen when looking at an infection like HIV and AIDS.
Counselor as Scholar Practitioner Walden University Counselor as Scholar Practitioner Counselors do practice in a different variety of disciplines, but counselors do represent a separate discipline that is separate from social work, medicine, and even psychology. This paper has been written on the role of a researcher in the counseling profession. Thereby, I will discuss the different characteristics of the scientific approaches that are valuable to research and how these characteristics can contribute to the different abilities to explain, describe, control, and predict. With this the knowledge of the research methodology this will benefit all counselors in the counseling practice by describing and explaining the scientist practitioner model and the importance it will play as a role of the researcher. Key Words: Counseling, Role of Researcher, Contributions, and Practitioner Model Role of Researcher Research within the counseling profession plays a vital role in counseling based on science and the active role it plays in “developing the knowledge that the counseling profession is based” (Heppner, Kivligham, & Wampold, 2006, p. 16).
Since that time, intelligence testing has emerged as a widely used tool that has led to the development of many other tests of skill and aptitude. However, it continues to spur debate and controversy over the use of intelligence tests, cultural biases, influences on intelligence and even the very way we define intelligence. In order to gain a deeper understanding of intelligence and the tests that have been developed in an attempt to measure this concept, it is important to understand the history of intelligence testing, the scientific research that has been conducted and the findings that have emerged. Major questions about intelligence and IQ testing: • Is intelligence a single ability, or does it involve an assortment of multiple skills and abilities? • Is intelligence inherited, or does the environment play a larger role?
From the lab results email, I was informed of the health risks to consumers and who was increasingly affected by the contaminant. I was also able to determine the risk level and if it met the FDA standards although this changed in the second simulation. With the FDA changes, I had to be knowledgeable of how much of the sold products in the United States were contaminated; and whether the products met foreign countries standards and regulations. Thus determining if it was ethical to sell/distribute to countries with low or no regulations without taking away the right for a country to set such standards for their citizens. By identifying the ethical issues, I was able to focus on the effects of the decision I had to make.
In general, these assessment tools rely mainly on self reported behavior. Designed to ask people to respond to different questions about themselves, then the results of the assessment are used to make predictions about his or her behavior. Even though these personality assessment instruments are by no way perfect, they can be a proactive way of obtaining information about people. Under certain settings, these personality assessments are mainly used in clinical environments. They can also be used for assisting employers and job hunters find productive career matches.
Interviews in sociological research are generally used as a means of gaining information regarding people’s way of thinking about certain things, their insights, and ideals. They also attempt to focus greatly on life experiences. There are several types of interviews used in sociological research; structured, semi-structured, and the unstructured interview. In a structured interview, there are predetermined questions asked of the person being interviewed, the respondent is asked the same set of questions in the same order, and there is usually a set choice of possible answers. The semi-structured interview allows some room for closed and open-ended questions giving the interviewer the chance to make some changes in the questioning format and order, and adding questions as they go along depending on the responses received.
Are Patients Safe James E. Scarbrough III Baker College of Cadillac Are Patients Safe Patient safety is an extremely valuable aspect in the health care. The definition of patient safety is an area focusing on reporting an error, analysis and prevention of medical errors that often lead to adverse patient outcomes. Prevention means keeping patients safe from errors rather than reacting to them. These standards in patient safety inspire the most challenging issues in the health care setting. Reviewing these standards annually and publishing them on The Joint Commission Website, it is a key component to improving health care (The Joint Commission, 2011).