Research methodology P1. Explain the function of research in Health and Social Care. Definition of research - ‘The systematic investigation into study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions’ www.google.com accessed 27/09/12 Identifying needs – When working in the Health and Social care sector, the main priority of the job is to identify the needs of the need of the patient in which they are caring for. For them to accurately determine the need of a patient, research must be carried out. Perhaps the research could be actively going out and speaking to someone receiving care, whether it is in a care home or a hospital they need to find out what the patients really want from the health carers.
P3: Describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis of these physiological disorders A service user would usually visit their GP if they suspect something is wrong with them; there are several different stages that would be followed prior to a diagnosis being reached. There are three types of referrals which can enable a service user to be a diagnosed Self-referral is when a patient refers themselves to health care professional, usually this is their GP. Professional referral is when a person goes to their GP and undergoes general tests, is examined after describing their symptoms and if their GP is concerned about their health, the GP will then make a referral to a specialist professional, for example a hospital doctor to see the patient immediately. The patient will then go on to see the doctor and then may go onto different specialists once a diagnosis has been made or is suspected. Another type of referral is third party referral.
P1: You need to explain the function of research in health and social care. Research by definition is a planned process where information has been collected and analysed for a specific purpose; the findings are then reported and published. Research has many functions such as; identifying needs, highlighting gaps in provision, planning provision, informing policy or practice, extending knowledge and understanding, improving practice, aiding reflection, allowing progress to be monitored and examining topics of contemporary importance. Firstly identifying needs in health and social care is central to a service user’s care as the professionals need to identify the needs of the individual to adapt the care to be specific to the service user.
According to Rosenau, Lai, and Lako (2012), the United States health care industry P4P is one of the most important developments after capitation and managed care. The target of P4P is to change the behavior patients, physicians, and those working in the health care industry through a system of rewards and punishments. The P4P bonus for physicians can become the form of an add-on to his or her salary to the general fee-for-service. A bonus for a hospital can be additional payments beyond the payments received through the diagnosis group based payment. A punishment through the P4P system can end in the reduction of compensation or other penalties.
Patient satisfaction is important at the facility and using audits will allow the tool to determine how the patient is progressing with health. By using this type of data collection tool, staff will learn that patient satisfaction and comfort is important to the organization. This will implement their realization that the data collected is important accurate information. The types of information this tool is used to collect data are patient’s baseline and assessments during regular intervals of treatment. With the data, the audit can separate the patients having discomfort and pain from those satisfied patients to improve in areas needed to make sure that all patients are comfortable at the
How does service availability affect access of care? Service availability affects access of care in several ways. Availability of service will assist in structuring individual’s immediate health needs, determine care facility and choose caregiver. Because care is tailored to meet specific individual need, overall health of patient is managed. For example, a patient may be in a care facility as a result of a chronic illness, other health needs will also be addressed.
Furthermore, the development of Meaningful Use of EHRs provides a standard and modern approach to improve health information technology nationwide. Not only will the patient population receive improve quality of care, but transparency approaches lead to better accountability in care. Communication between healthcare providers and healthcare organizations will be more effective. Patients and families will have more access to their information and be in a better position to participate in decisions regarding their healthcare. The vision of the HITECH Act is to develop and implement tools to transform the nation’s health care system, which will ensure
M1: Assessment of Argyle’s and Tuckman’s Communication Theories & the Role of Effective Communication & Interpersonal Interaction in Health & Social Care Effective communication and interpersonal interaction are vital in a health and social care setting. This can ensure that a service user’s needs are met by the healthcare professionals involved. An example of this would be a paramedic bringing a patient into hospital and communicating correctly with the doctors and nurses about the patient’s condition, such as if they have a particular type of injury or if they are allergic to any medication. If important information like this is insufficiently explained to other healthcare professionals, then treatment for the patient would be inadequate and have a negative effect on the patient’s treatment and recovery. To help understand communication and interpersonal interaction, two theories will be discussed, these are: Argyle’s Communication Cycle and Tuckman’s Group Theory.
Nursing-sensitive indicators have taken the forefront of quality measures and the definition of how quality of nursing care is evaluated in hospitals and out-patient care settings. These indicators allow nurses and administrators to evaluate how the care they are providing is following evidence-based practices, and how they may improve their practices toward better patient outcomes. The American Nurses Association has made steps forward in promoting these indicators as the definitive standards for patient care and quality improvement. This paper will evaluate how nursing-sensitive indicators could have assisted the staff in taking care of a patient, Mr. J, how nursing-sensitive indicators can advance quality care practices, and evaluate the ethical considerations and solutions to the problems encountered in Mr. J’s care. In the care of the patient Mr. J, utilizing nursing-sensitive indicators could have greatly assisted the nurses and aids in identifying issues that may interfere with patient care and cause negative patient outcomes.
This new reform is used to address the barriers to accessing health care for many individuals. Evaluate how your organization can improve patients' access to health care resources. You have been asked by the local health care association to create strategies to improve access to organizations within the southeast region. Discuss the barriers that patients experience when accessing health care resources. How can health care organizations improve patients' access to health care?