Pricipals of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Unit 205 Principles of safeguarding and protection in Health and Social Care. Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse 1.1 And 1.2 Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact intended to cause feelings of physical pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Some examples of physical abuse are; scratching, punching, biting, strangling or kicking. If a service user is being physically abused they might display symptoms such as depression, emotional distress, unusual aggressive behaviour, become withdrawn, unexplained bruising, or suicidal ideation. Sexual abuse refers to any action that pressures or coerces someone to do something sexual they don’t want to do. Sexual assault is a statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat. Signs of Sexual abuse could be nightmares, insomnia, fear of things associated with the abuse,(including objects, smells, places, visits to the doctors, or a particular person), depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, sexual dysfunction, chronic pain, addiction, self-injury, somatic complaints, and suicidal ideation. Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Emotional abuse is any kind of abuse that is emotional rather than physical in nature. It can include anything from verbal abuse and constant criticism to more subtle tactics, such as intimidation, manipulation and refusal to ever be pleased. Emotional abuse can take many forms. Three general patterns of abusive behaviour include aggressing, denying and minimizing. Even though there is no established definition for emotional
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