Sexual abuse is when one person exerts power over another to achieve sexual gratification. Individuals may be unwillingly subjected to: · Rape. · Sexual assualt. · Sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, could not consent or was pressurised into consent. · Indecent exposure.
Emotional/psychological abuse, this could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing. Financial Abuse, this could be theft of money or valuables, misappropriate use of a person's finances and denying access to a person's finances. Institutional Abuse, this could be the misuse of authority over a vulnerable person in a health and social care setting, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, and lack of privacy, humiliation and bullying. Self-neglect, this could be self-harming behaviour like refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs and actual body harm like cutting oneself. Neglect by others, this could be not taking care of the basic needs of an individual like toileting, washing, feeding and personal care.
Sexual abuse Is an act of forcing sexual activity onto another without consent and against their will. Using threats or coercion to get sexual activity that is improper or harmful to another person. For example: Rape or sexual assault, masturbation, sexual harassment, penetration or attempted penetration, indecent exposure. ? Emotional/psychological abuse Is any act of abuse, in any abuse situation the victim is caused both emotional and psychological distress.
205 1.1 • Physical abuse - This is where the individual is injured due to an act of harm comes towards them. • Sexual abuse - This is where the individual is exploited sexually or when topics or acts of sexual nature and enforced on the individual. • Emotional/psychological abuse - this is where the individual is verbally abused, tormented, bullied or blackmailed. • Financial abuse - this is where the individual has money stolen or is encouraged to spend it on thinks they do not need. • Institutional abuse - this is where the institution has imposed procedures that do not conform to the individuals support plans and is not suited to them.
Define the following types of abuse: Physical Abuse Physical abuse is the use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment, example of this are: hitting, kicking, shoving, slapping and shaking. Physical abuse can so be the inappropriate use of drugs, physical restraint, force feeding and physical punishment if any kind. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another, is can be unwanted touching, sexual kissing, fondling, exposure of the genitalia and non-consensual verbal sexual demands. Sexual abuse can be touching in inappropriate areas, sexual assault and rape. Emotional/Psychological Abuse Emotional/Psychological abuse is causing anguish, pain or distress through verbal or non-verbal acts, such as; verbal assaults, insults, threats, intimidation, humiliation and harassment.
Signs and symptom of physical abuse: cuts and grazes Hitting and kicking Pain and marks Burns and bruises Giving medication that may harm withdrawal from daily activities and social contact Disciplining in an inappropriate way Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse is when a vulnerable adult pressurized or forced to taking part into any sexual activities. Being forced to have sex and looking at sexual pictures or videos. Signs and symptom of sexual abuse: Genital itching and soreness Behaving in a sexually inappropriate way Changes in appearance Using bad language Having sexually transmitted disease Sexually transmitted disease Depression and lack of self esteem Emotional/psychological abuse: Emotional abuse is putting you down, when someone is shouting at you or making you feel bad and upset. When someone making threats about someone or something. Signs and symptom of emotional/psychological abuse: Bullying Humiliation Verbal abuse Being withdrawn and upset Not being able to concentrate and focus Unexplained fear and agitated Unusual behavior Nervous and confusion Financial abuse: Financial abuse is someone is tries to misuse a person funds and obtaining property without their consent.
* Sexual abuse: This is when the victim has not given consent to a sexual activity, or does not have the understanding or ability to refuse consent also they might feel forced by another person because of their authority of over them. * Emotional/ psychological abuse: This is when the victim experiences bullying, name calling, intimidation and mental cruelty that results in them experiencing mental or physical distress. * Financial abuse: This is when the victims’ money or personal processions are not used for their benefit but are used by another person for personal gain. * Institutional abuse: This is when the needs of the victim are overridden by a situation or routine that ignores their personal needs. * Self neglect: This is when a service user is unable to care for themselves and can also be a result of physical and mental health issues.
Signs of this can include bruising, cuts or pressure marks, changes in a person’s character or behaviour. Sexual Abuse : Contact with a person without their consent, physical sexual acts. Forcing a person to watch pornographic material or to forcibly undress a person or make them undress. Signs can be torn clothing, scratches or bruising in personal areas. Change in behaviour.
Unit 5 1.1 Physical abuse Physical abuse involving contact planned to cause bodily harm, feelings of intimidation, other physical suffering or injury • Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another • Emotional/psychological abuse Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; violation • Financial abuse Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s money, property, pension book or other valuables. • Institutional abuse Institutional abuse involves failure of an organization to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behavior that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. • Self neglect Self-neglect is a behavioral condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, or medical conditions they might have. • Neglect by others Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the wrongdoer is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse Physical abuse: Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, or scalding, drowning, suffocating or anything that can cause harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer falsifies the symptoms or may deliberately cause a child to have ill health; this can be known as Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy. Sexual abuse: sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (e.g. rape or beggary) or non-penetrative acts.