Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Unit 25 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse: Physical abuse is defined as; Inflicting, or threatening to inflict, physical pain or injury to a vulnerable elder. Physical abuse can also include depriving them of basic needs such as food, medicines, or giving too much medication. Physical abuse accounts for 25% of all abuse cases of elder abuse. This type of abuse includes punching, pushing, shaking, pinching, burning, force feeding, and any sort of physical punishment or restraint. Signs of abuse include physical signs as well as sudden changes in behaviour or refusal of a caregiver to allow visitors to see an elder alone. Examples of Physical Abuse * Hitting; * Slapping; * Kicking; * Inappropriate restraint or sanctions; * Force feeding; * Misuse (or inappropriate withholding) of medication * Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse is non-consensual sexual contact of any kind. Sexual abuse can be difficult to detect except for those involved in their nursing care. Signs include the physical signs. Always investigate allegations of sexual abuse by a vulnerable adult. Examples of Sexual Abuse * Unwanted physical and sexual contact, e.g. caresses; * Intercourse with someone who lacks the capacity to consent; * Rape; * Indecent exposure; * Sexual harassment (verbal or physical); * Displaying pornographic literature videos or internet sites; * Gross indecency. Emotional/psychological abuse: Emotional, psychological abuse is defined as; Inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on an elder person through verbal or nonverbal acts. Psychological abuse accounts for 36% of all cases of abuse. Emotional abuse can be difficult to detect unless witnessed. People being abused in this way can show changes in behaviour, fear when in the presence of the abuser, agitation or withdrawal. Examples of
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