Level 3 – Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Know how to recognise signs of abuse 1.1 Define the following: Physical Abuse The use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain or impairment. This may include hitting, beating, pushing, shoving, shaking, slapping, kicking, pinching and burning. Sexual Abuse Is any sexual act committed against someone without that persons freely given consent. Such as unwanted kissing or touching, rape or attempted rape, repeatedly using sexual insults towards someone. Emotional/Psychological Abuse Any act that subjects or exposes another person to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma. This includes confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation or any other act that may diminish the sense of dignity, identity and self-worth. Financial Abuse Is the misuse of a person’s funds and assets, obtaining property and funds without the person’s knowledge or full consent? This can include things like misusing a power of attorney. Persuading, tricking or threatening a person out of money, property or possessions. Cashing pensions or cheques with authorisation, Use of money for purposes other than what was intended. Institutional Abuse Is the mistreatment of people brought about by poor or inadequate care or support, or systematic poor practice that effects the whole setting. This mainly occurs when the individual’s wishes and needs are sacrificed for the smooth running of the home. This can happen in several ways lack of person centred care, no flexibility in bed times, lack of personal clothing or possessions, lack of choice in food or menus. Self-Neglect Is when a person fails to attended to their basic needs such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or failing to deal with medical conditions they may have. This can happen due to a brain injury, dementia or mental illness.
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