Nvq 2 in Health and Social Care

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LEVEL 2 CERTIFICATES IN PREPARING TO WORK IN ADULT SOCIAL CARE. UNIT 4 - Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care. Know how to recognise signs of abuse. OUTCOME 1 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: ? Physical abuse Is an act of physical bodily harm from one person/people to another. Intending to cause that physical harm injury and/or suffering. For example: Striking with an object, Slapping, kicking, punching, head butting, biting, poking, choking, shoving, pinching, back handing, elbowing, scratching, kneeing. ? Sexual abuse Is an act of forcing sexual activity onto another without consent and against their will. Using threats or coercion to get sexual activity that is improper or harmful to another person. For example: Rape or sexual assault, masturbation, sexual harassment, penetration or attempted penetration, indecent exposure. ? Emotional/psychological abuse Is any act of abuse, in any abuse situation the victim is caused both emotional and psychological distress. Therefore abuse of any kind will fall into this category. For example: Bullying, swearing, intimidation, verbal abuse, threats, controlling, deprivation of privacy, coercion. ? Financial abuse Is an act of one person/people against another involving the procuring of financial gain from that person. Some vulnerable adults have limited understanding of money matters and there are people that will take advantage of this, they could be family members, friends, acquaintances, informal carers or support workers. For example: Theft, fraud, exploitation, pressurized will writing, misuse of selling property possessions or benefits. ? institutional abuse Is an act upon a service user in a care setting, where that person has their freedom to make choices taken away. For example: forced bedtimes/mealtimes, disrespected privacy or dignity.
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