Nvq Level 2

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HSC024 - Evidence Unit 5 – Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: * Physical abuse * Sexual abuse * Emotional/psychological abuse * Financial abuse * Institutional abuse * Self neglect * Neglect by others Physical abuse: hitting, slapping, kicking. Sexual abuse: unwanted advances, indecent exposure, harassment. Emotional/psychological abuse: intimidation, blaming. Financial abuse: misappropriation of monies, not giving correct change. Institutional abuse: where a person is not treated as an individual. Neglect: inadequate care, denial of basic rights. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Physical Abuse • Injuries that are the shape of objects. • Injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention. • A person being taken to many different places to receive medical attention. • Skin infections. • Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost. • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator. • Change of behavior. Sexual Abuse • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas. • Soreness when sitting. • Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example, anorexia, bulimia or self-harm. • Sexualised behavior. • Inappropriately dressed. Emotional Abuse • Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own. • The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies. • Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety. • Increased levels of confusion. • Increased urinary or fecal incontinence.
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