Financial abuse is when a persons funds and assets are being mis-used or stolen. Examples of this are stealing cash, not allowing a person to take part in any decision regarding their finances. Institutional abuse is due to failing to provide an appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people. It can happen when staff simply doesn’t allow a person to choose what they want to eat or drink or what they want to wear to having inadequate training, poor communication skills, improper supervision with no support from management. Self-neglect happens when a person fails to care for themselves and is likely to cause themselves physical, mental or emotional When this occurs the individual neglects to wash, feed and clothe themselves appropriately.
• Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost. • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator. • Change of behavior. Sexual Abuse • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas.
Not eating properly, not washing or changing clothes can by signs of self neglect. Sexual Abuse – Some physical signs of sexual abuse are abdominal pain with no diagnosable cause, bruises, scratches or bite marks on the body, pregnancy and recurring genital or urinary infections. Some behavioural signs of sexual abuse to look for are aggression and anxiety, tearfulness, frequent masturbation, reluctance to be alone
Emotional abuse: bullying, invoking threats or fear, devaluing individual self-esteem, verbal abuse and swearing, imposing inappropriate expectations, conveying feelings of worthlessness, exploitation. Financial abuse: theft of money or property, misappropriation or mismanagement of individuals’ finances, denying individuals access to their own finances, particularly with the elderly or individuals with learning difficulties. Self-neglect: individuals engaging in neglectful or self-harming behaviours including refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs, causing actual bodily harm to self-including cutting. Neglect by others: not caring for the basic needs of individuals including neglectful practice in washing, toileting and personal hygiene. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Self neglect- Individuals not eating, washing, dressing properly. Not looking after themselves. Neglect by others- Inadequate care or denial of an individual's basic rights. 1.2 Signs of physical abuse can be unexplained bruises, scratches, cuts, fractures, broken bones, broken teeth. Signs of sexual abuse can be bruises around the genital area.
Emotional /Psychological Abuse; is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another behaviour that may result in psychological trauma including anxiety, chronic depression. Financial Abuse; is the misuse of a person’s money, property or asset’s through theft or fraud. Many adults are very venerable to financial abuse, mostly those who may have little understanding of money. Institutional Abuse; is the mistreatment of people brought about poor or inadequate care or support or systematic poor practice that affects the whole care setting. Self Neglect; is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have and generally not taking care of them self.
Financial abuse signs can be insecurity, loss of trust, fearful and disappearance of possessions. Institutional Abuse This could be the misuse of authority over a vulnerable person in a health and social care setting, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, and lack of privacy, humiliation and bullying. Institutional abuse signs can be loss of confidence, loss of self esteem, loss of control and a submissive behaviour. Self-neglect This could be self-harming behaviour like refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs and actual body harm like cutting oneself. Neglect by others this could be not taking care of the basic
Neglect by others would be not providing healthcare, nourishment, leaving in an unsafe environment and not assisting or encouraging hygiene. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical abuse – fractures, sprains, bruising, scalds, burns, anxiety or fear and distress in the presence of a possible abuser. Sexual abuse – changes in behavior, difficulty in walking or sitting, torn, bloody or stained underwear, pain or itching in the genital area, bruising around the genitals, finger bruising on arms or legs or both. Emotional or psychological abuse – fear, depression, confusion, weight loss, low self esteem, crying, anxiety and lack of trust. Financial abuse – not enough money for bills or to buy basic necessities, missing belongings, inadequate heating, lighting or food, hypothermia, unexplained debts.
* Emotional/Psychological abuse can be defined as intimidation and threats, humiliation, racial, sexual or homophobic abuse, harassment and excluded/isolated from people or activities. * Financial abuse can be defined as any act of theft of money or property or use of money or property without a person’s consent, or without the appropriate legal authority. * Institutional abuse is any abuse that is carried out in; a care home, nursing home, acute hospital or in-patient setting. * Self neglect is a behavioural or habitual condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs. * Neglect by others is when signs of neglect are identify/recognised and ignored by others apart from the affected party.
Broken bones, bruises, pressure marks, abrasions and burns * Sexual abuse a Change in behavioural. Bruising around the breast or genital area, also unexplained bleeding around the genital area and pregnancy * Emotional / Physchologic abuse change in behaviour and unusual depression. Lack of interest in social contacts * Financial abuse illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s money, property and valuables * Self-neglect a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their feeding, cloths, personal hygiene, and a medical condition if they have one. * Neglect by other a passive form of abuse in which a person is responsible to provide care for someone who is unable to care for them self’s and fails to provide the care to meet there needs. Neglect may