Principles of Safe Guarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Unit 25 Principles of safe guarding and protection in health and social care 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse. 2.1 and 1.2 a) Physical abuse is a deliberate act which could result in bodily injury, pain or impairment. Signs related to this could be bruising, fractures and burns which may be found in well protected or covered areas of the body. The possible signs of abuse could be cowering away or flinching when touched or approached. b) Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into sexual activity or when sexual contact is non- consensual. Signs and symptoms may include bruises around breasts or genitals, unexplained bleeding or bloody underwear. The person may appear fearful or withdrawn from people. c) Emotional/psychological abuse is when a person has power and control over another person through words and gestures which eventually undermines the person’s self-respect. This can be done by name calling, making threats or screaming at them. The signs or symptoms maybe anxiety, being fearful and low self-confidence. The person may result to behaviours such as rocking, hair twisting and become withdrawn. d) Financial abuse is stealing money or possessions. This could also be by tricking people into giving away money or possessions. The signs and symptoms may show that signatures on cheques are different from those of the service user, there are unexplained disappearances of money or possessions. The person may feel fearful, anxious or embarrassed. e) Institutional abuse is when the lifestyle of a service user is changed to fit in with the routines of a home. This may include neglect, verbal abuse, psychological abuse. The service user may not be able to go out and their privacy not being respected for example their mail being opened without their consent. Signs and symptoms may include lack of their own
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