Signs can be; A heightened sense of fear and anxiety around a person. Low self esteem Possible STD infection Inappropriate sexual behavior to others An interest in sex that is not in line with the age of the person. Fear of being with a certain sex. Emotional/psychological Abuse Many forms of abuse are obviously cruel. Emotional abuse is more subtle.
The symptoms can include overly sexualised behaviour, self harm, anxiety, depression, urinary infections, or being withdrawn when in social settings. Emotional Abuse: When a person is subject to abuse in the form of name calling, insults, bullying and general mistreatment that would affect their emotional wellbeing. People who experience emotional abuse can become withdrawn, have a low self worth, loss of trust, and depression. Financial Abuse: When a person abuses another person for monetary gain. Things that can constitute as financial abuse are stealing, borrowing money or property without the person’s knowledge or permission, and denying access to a person’s finances.
•Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables. •Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. •Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. •Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.
Emotional/Psychological Abuse Any act that subjects or exposes another person to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma. This includes confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation or any other act that may diminish the sense of dignity, identity and self-worth. Financial Abuse Is the misuse of a person’s funds and assets, obtaining property and funds without the person’s knowledge or full consent? This can include things like misusing a power of attorney. Persuading, tricking or threatening a person out of money, property or possessions.
Sexual abuse involves forcing someone to take part in a sexual act without his or her consent. Sexual abuse may include touching, forcing an individual to watch pornographic materials, or actual sexual penetration. People who have been sexually abused have more tendencies to smoke, drink, or use drugs, have low self-esteem, develop eating disorders, consider suicide, and become abusers
Financial abuse: Taking money without the persons consent or without the appropriate legal authority. Institutional abuse: May take the form of isolated incidents of poor or unprofessional practice. Self-neglect: Can be a result of any mental/physical illness which has an effect on the person’s physical abilities. Neglected by others: Passive form of abuse in which the carer is responsible to provide care for a victim who is unable to care for their self’s. 2.
Including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could consent, or was pressured into consenting. Change in behaviour. Overt sexual behaviour or language, difficulty in walking, sitting, injuries to genital and/or anal area. Neglect by others: Can be intentional or unintentional acts. Includes acts of omission.
Individuals punching other individuals will lead to having bruises, biting and slapping will leave marks on the body. Individuals exhibiting untypical self-harm, unexplained fractures, unexplained cuts or scratches for example when teenagers that are depressed often cut themselves thinking it will cool them down. An individual appears scared or subdued in the presence of specific individual’s also sudden or unexplained incontinence. Psychological abuse also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse is a form of abuse considered by an individual subjecting or exposing to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychological abuse may include: Threats of harm, threats of leaving the individual, humiliation, bullying, harassment and disengagement or withdrawal from services or support networks.
Psychological abuse can also be emotional abuse and bullying. Physical Physical abuse that can be experienced by an adult is when individuals deliberately attempt to hurt or injure them. Physical abuse which adults may experience include: hitting, kicking, hair pulling, beating with objects, throwing and shaking of adults. Physical abuse that can be experienced by adults may also include: being given medication that can cause them harm, slapping and disciplining an adult in a inappropriate way. Bruising, fractures and marks from being hit are also physical elements of abuse.
Sexual abuse – inappropriate sexual contact with the individual without their consent; making sexual advances, inappropriate touching, indecent exposure, rape. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse will include sudden withdrawal, behavioural changes in the individual – the patient may become shy when assisting with their personal hygiene, wanting to hide themselves; there may also be bruising around the genital area. In children and adolescents the symptoms could include overt sexual behaviour or language. 3. Emotional/ psychological abuse – this is a type of abuse most difficult to prove.