Principles of Safe Guarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Principles of safe guarding and protection in health and social care 1.Physical abuse is deliberate physical force that may result in bodily injury, pain, or impairment. Both old and young people can be physically abused. There are signs or indicators to show physical abuse and there are ways in which victims and abusers act or Interact with each other. Physical abuse includes the smashing of personal belongings, being held against your will, slapped, bitten, kicked, pinched, punched, burnt with cigarettes. Signs of physical abuse in adults are: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, burns - including friction burns and scalds, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc... Symptoms include feeling low, angry and in pain. 2. Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity. When sexual contact is non-con-sensual, it is an abuse. It can happen to men and women of any age that is both old and young. It can include sexual penetration of any part of the body with a penis, finger or any object, sexual exploitation, making threats about sexual activities, exposure to pornographic material, touching of breast or genitals, kissing, etc. Activities such as showing pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts or forcing the person to undress are also considered sexual abuse. The signs and symptoms of sexual abuse in the elderly can be bruises around breasts or genitals, genital infections, unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding, torn, stained, disturbed sleep patterns, vulnerable adult appears withdrawn and fearful, inappropriate dressing, etc... 3.Emotional Abuse is where one person gains power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually under-mine the other’s self-respect...Emotional abuse can be name-calling, blaming, screaming, making threats,
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