Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Task A Physical abuse is where someone deliberately hurts or injures another person. Some examples of physical abuse are scratching, slapping, hitting, biting, restraint or inappropriate sanctions. Signs and Symptoms: unexplained bruises, burns or scalds, bite marks, broken bones, their behaviour may suddexnly change, become withdrawn, anxious, clingy, depressed, aggressive problems sleeping and flinching when approached. Sexual abuse is any non-consensual sexual contact, this can happen to men and women of any ages. This can include, rape, indecent exposure, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual photography, sexual harassment, sexual teaching or innuendos, or being subject to pornography or witnessing sexual acts.
Please define the following types of abuse and list some of the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse HSC 024 1.1 1.2 Physical abuse Definition: Physical abuse can be anything from hitting, kicking and pushing to misusing medication, using inappropriate or rough moving and handling techniques. With holding medication or giving more than the prescribed does can be classed as abuse. Using restraints when not needed or as a form of punishment is also viewed as physical abuse. Lack of personal care such as being unclean or wearing dirty clothes. Being malnourished can be classed as physical abuse.
For example leaving someone in bed and them resulting in them having pressure sores. It can be be recognised by noticing bruising in uncommon places, fractures, fear of being touched, unexplained weight loss or gain. Sexual Sexual abuse is when another person knowingly causes another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act through force or threat. It can be recognised if you notice bruising, especially around the sexual areas or around thighs which could mean they were restrained. Soreness around the genital area, a sexually transmitted infection, unexpected pregnancy or change in normal behaviour for example a precoccupation with anything sexual.
When sexual contact is non-consensual, it is an abuse. It can happen to men and women of any age that is both old and young. It can include sexual penetration of any part of the body with a penis, finger or any object, sexual exploitation, making threats about sexual activities, exposure to pornographic material, touching of breast or genitals, kissing, etc. Activities such as showing pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts or forcing the person to undress are also considered sexual abuse. * The signs and symptoms of sexual abuse in the elderly can be bruises around breasts or genitals, genital
Unit 204: Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Know how to recognise signs of abuse There are several different types of abuse, such as physical abuse and financial abuse. Each type of abuse is carried out in different ways and has various impacts on the victim. Unfortunately many service users become victims of abuse, in its many forms. Physical abuse can be inflicted on a service user in a number of ways such as punching, kicking or pulling their hair. Physical abuse is the act of violence on an individual that causes pain.
Unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, cowering or flinching. Feeling low, in pain or angry. Sexual abuse: Forcing an individual to behave in inappropriate sexual behaviour or take part in sexual activities these can include non penetrative as well as penetrative sexual acts and also forcing an individual to view inappropriate sexual material. Signs and symptoms include being withdrawn and fearful, disturbed sleep patterns, inappropriate dressing, genital infections, bruising around breasts or genitals, unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding, torn or stained underwear. Emotional/psychological abuse: Verbally abusing and swearing, threatening or invoking fear in an individual, devaluing self esteem causing feelings of worthlessness, bullying and exploitation.
When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as sexual abuser or molester. Possible indicators of sexual abuse are loss of sleep, unexpected or unexplained change in behaviour, bruising, soreness around the genitals, pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and more. Psychological abuse Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, and an abuse in the workplace.
2. Signs and symptoms Bruising, cuts, scratches, change in personality, wincing, crying, change in behaviour, unwilling to remove clothing, being aggressive towards others. 1b. Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is a type of abuse where sexual contact or sexual references are made. Can also be letting minors or vulnerable people view pornographic material.
1.2 The signs of physical abuse are bruising on the body, cuts and burns. The signs of sexual abuse are not easy to spot without examination of the genital area these signs are bruising, chafing or bite marks around the genital area; they have caught a sexual transmitted infection. Another sign is they have become withdrawn into themselves. Signs of physiological abuse could be lack of sleep, an unexpected charge in their behaviour; they may become more fearful around new people. Financial abuse symptoms could be that they haven’t got enough money for bills when they are usually good at paying them
Hsc 024 Principles of safeguarding and protection and social care 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: -Physical abuse This involves contact intended to cause physical suffering or bodily harm, injury and intended to cause feelings of intimidation. Examples being forceful restraint, kicking ,slapping, pinching. -Sexual abuse This is the forcing of unwanted sexual behaviour by one person to another. This can be physical or even forcing someone to watch pornographic films or indecent images. -Emotional/psychological abuse This may involve acts (or threats) to make someone feel humiliated, or cause mental harm, physical harm.