Qcf Diploma Health and Social Care Level 2

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UNIT 4222-205 Principles of safeguarding and protection in Health and Social care (HSC024) How to recognise signs of abuse There are various ways to recognise abuse. The various types of abuse are physical, sexual, emotional/psychological, financial, institutional, self neglect and neglect by others. Physical This is an act of another person which is non accidental to cause them an injury or pain. Physical abuse can also occur when people are not provided with adequate care and support which will cause them unjustifiable physical discomfort. For example leaving someone in bed and them resulting in them having pressure sores. It can be be recognised by noticing bruising in uncommon places, fractures, fear of being touched, unexplained weight loss or gain. Sexual Sexual abuse is when another person knowingly causes another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act through force or threat. It can be recognised if you notice bruising, especially around the sexual areas or around thighs which could mean they were restrained. Soreness around the genital area, a sexually transmitted infection, unexpected pregnancy or change in normal behaviour for example a precoccupation with anything sexual. Emotional/Psychological This type of abuse is usually visiable in most types of abuse. It may be humiliating another person, treating them as a child or taking away their wishes or basic human rights. This causes immense suffering and effects their quality of life. The person may lose all their confidence and feel anxious and upset. Financial This is taking someone's money either knowingly or stealing for their own ends. The signs can be unexplained bank withdrawels and activity. Reluctance by the person in charge of the money to buy food or pay bills. Institutional This is can take place in someone's home, a nursing/residential home, supported living
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