Unit 4-Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. There are several different types of abuse; physical Abuse, this could be hitting, shaking, and biting, scalding, force feeding or any other physical harm to a person. Sexual Abuse, this could be forcing an individual to be part of a sexual activity or behaving in a sexual inappropriate way. Penetrative acts or non-penetrative acts and viewing inappropriate sexual activity on the internet are all types of sexual abuse. Emotional/psychological abuse, this could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing.
Unit 4: Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care. Unit 4 1.1-1.2 Physical abuse: Physical abuse is when someone deliberately hurts or injures someone. Physical abuse can take many forms. Physical abuse can make you feel frightened and anxious, depressed and sad, unable to sleep and concentrate. Signs and symptom of physical abuse: cuts and grazes Hitting and kicking Pain and marks Burns and bruises Giving medication that may harm withdrawal from daily activities and social contact Disciplining in an inappropriate way Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse is when a vulnerable adult pressurized or forced to taking part into any sexual activities.
Bruises, finger marks, fractures, dislocations, scratches, cuts, pressure sores, black eyes, scalds, cigarette burns, history of unexplained injuries, accidental overdose, poisoning, deterioration in health, weight loss, soiled clothing/bedding, inappropriate clothing, mood changes, not wanting to be alone with certain individuals. Sexual abuse A sexual act is carried out without the consent or understanding of the individual. Bruises, scratches, bite marks, changes in sexual behaviours, sexual abuse to others, self-injury, destructive behaviour, alcohol/drug abuse, suicide attempts, withdrawn, aggression, tearful, anxiety, infections, pregnancy, abdominal pain, frequent masturbation, changes in behaviours, weight gain/loss, changes in appearance. Emotional / psychological abuse Individuals being bullied, controlled, intimidated or taken advantage of individuals. Needs being ignored, reports of shouting, screaming, swearing, scared of raised voices, distressed, being teased, being humiliated, un respected, not being given choice, opinion, dignity, privacy, being undermined.
Lack of communication in a care home setting, could result in clients being over or under medicated on a regular basis. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse is any non-consensual sexual contact; it is the forcing of undesirable sexual behaviour by one person upon another. This can be physical attacks, verbal suggestions, insults or exposure to unwanted sexual imagery. Sexual abuse could occur when a carer offering support to a venerable person, could use their status to coerce that person to touching them in an inappropriate manner. This type of abuse could also be present in a care home setting with the perpetrator being another client, forcing a person to undress, or made to watch specific sexual actions.
Unit 205 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care (HSC 024) Outcome 1 1.1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse. There are many types of abuse and they can be recognised as follows. * Physical abuse: This is when physical force is used that results in bodily injury pain or impairment. Victims may have experienced inappropriate contact or improper use of treatments experienced being confined or isolated against their will or even improper use of medicine. * Sexual abuse: This is when the victim has not given consent to a sexual activity, or does not have the understanding or ability to refuse consent also they might feel forced by another person because of their authority of over them.
Neglect is a form of mistreatment by individuals resulting from inadequate attention, especially through carelessness or disregard for the needs of others. 1.2 -Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical abuse - Series of unexplained falls or major injuries. Injuries/bruises at different stages of healing. Bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs.
HSC 24 1.1 Physical abuse is an act that causes another pain harm or injury via physical contact. Indicators of physical abuse are; multiple bruising, fractures, burns, bed sores, fear, depression, unexplained weight loss and assault whether intentional or reckless. Sexual abuse is forcing undesired sexual behaviour or acts upon another. A person suffering this kind of abuse would most likely have, loss of sleep, unexpected change in behaviour, bruising, soreness around the genetailia, torn stained or bloody underwear, a preoccupation with anything sexual, or even have an STD. Emotional/psychological abuse is subjecting another to behaviour that is detrimental to someone’s emotional sate such as intimidation or manipulation; it is basically any kind of abuse that is emotional in nature rather than physical.
Sexual abuse happens when a service user is involved in sexual activities that he/she doesn’t understand, have not consented or which violate the sexual taboos of family custom and practice Signs: soreness, bruising or bleeding around the genital area, the service user may withdraw from us when we touch them or they may hit us in an attempt to protect themselves. Emotional/Psychological abuse relates to any action that damages an individual’s mental well-being and development, causing him/her emotional distress, e.g. verbal abuse, including badgering, coercing, provoking or frightening actions or making someone undertake or witness acts which are personally distasteful Signs: the service user may be distressed, frightened, nervous, irritable or very withdrawn and reluctant to hold a conversation. Financial abuse is the misuse of an individual’s money or personal possessions or any resources of a vulnerable person. Signs: the service user may appear worried, irritable, frighten to engage in conversation because of the pressure he/she is facing.
Financial abuse Is an act of one person/people against another involving the procuring of financial gain from that person. Some vulnerable adults have limited understanding of money matters and there are people that will take advantage of this, they could be family members, friends, acquaintances, informal carers or support workers. For example: Theft, fraud, exploitation, pressurized will writing, misuse of selling property possessions or benefits. ? institutional abuse Is an act upon a service user in a care setting, where that person has their freedom to make choices taken away.
Sexual abuse - A sexual act is carried out without the consent or understanding of the individual. Bruises, scratches, bite marks, changes in sexual behaviours, sexual abuse to others, self-injury, destructive behaviour, alcohol/drug abuse, suicide attempts, withdrawn, aggression, tearful, anxiety, infections, pregnancy, abdominal pain, frequent masturbation, changes in behaviours, weight gain/loss, changes in appearance, Emotional / psychological abuse – Individuals being bullied, controlled, intimidated or taken advantage of. Individuals needs being ignored, reports of shouting, screaming, swearing, scared of raised voices, distressed, being teased, being humiliated, un respected, not being given choice, opinion, dignity, privacy, being undermined. Financial abuse – Controlling or spending an individual’s money. Not being made aware of own finances, family controlling individuals money and not making it available for the individual to use, control of their finances being taken away even if able to deal with them, sudden changes in the individuals will, personal belongs going missing, unusual spending patterns, others moving into the individuals property.