SAFEGUARDING 1.1 Define types of abuse There are different types of abuse and they are: Physical abuse is where the abuser could punch, hit or kick the individual. Shaking or pinching them, burning or scalding, force feeding and biting. Sexual abuse is where the abuser could force sexual contact on an individual, show or take pornographic photography or for the individual to watch sexual acts. Emotional or psychological abuse would involve shouting, swearing , insulting and humiliating or blaming the individual, threatening, ignoring and removing choice. Financial abuse could be depriving the individual of money, pressuring to give money away, fraud, overcharging and theft.
Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Know how to recognise signs of abuse Physical abuse - This is use of physical force that can result in injury. This could be due to being slapped, punched, kicked, scratched, biting, and strangling. Sexual abuse – This is unwanted sexual activity that is forced upon a person without their consent, this includes rape, making them watch pornography, pestering them by making sexual suggestions or comments, or they were pressured into consenting. Emotional/psychological abuse – This is controlling behaviours like shouting and calling the service user names. Could be threats of harm or of being abandoned, being deprived of contact with others, being humiliated, controlled, intimidated, kept in isolation or being withdrawn from supportive networks or services.
There are many types of abuse below I have explained what the following abuses can involve and some of the signs of the abuse taking place Physical Abuse This could be hitting, shaking, and biting, force feeding or any other physical harm to a person. Physical abuse signs can be bruises, bite marks, burn marks and changes in behaviour. Sexual Abuse This could be forcing an individual to be part of a sexual activity or behaving in a sexual inappropriate way. Penetrative acts or non-penetrative acts and viewing inappropriate sexual activity on the internet are all types of sexual abuse. Sexual abuse signs can be disturbing behaviour like self-harming, inappropriate sexual behaviour, depression, low self esteem and inability to form relationships.
EMOTIONAL ABUSE: when a person gains power and control over another person through words and gestures. These can undermine the other persons self respect. Emotional abuse can be name-calling, blaming, screaming, making threats, yelling, and neglecting, belittling and untrue accusations. FINANCIAL ABUSE: Tricking and threatening a person into giving away money or property, stealing or defrauding someone of money, goods and property and refusing to allow individual to manage their finances. For example when a support worker is taking money from a service user’s purse without his or her knowledge.
Activities such as showing pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts or forcing the person to undress are also considered sexual abuse. c) Emotional/psychological abuse is where one person gains power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually undermine the other’ self-respect. Emotional abuse can be name-calling, blaming, screaming, making threats, yelling, neglecting, manipulation, not listening, withholding affection, belittling and untrue accusations. d) Financial abuse is stealing or defrauding someone of money, goods and/or property, allowing others to steal money or property, tricking or threatening individuals into giving away
Unit 205 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. Outcome 1 1.1 - Physical Abuse-Physical Abuse is to cause somebody physical harm, use force to make them do something against their will or to cause them physical harm. It is more than likely the victime will be a vulnerable individual who is unable to defend themselves but not always. Sexual Abuse - Abusing somebody can be to force them to partake in sexual acts against there will. Sexual abuse can also take a verbal form for example talking to an individual in a sexual mano against their will.
Food choices not provided for individuals with different dietary needs or requirements. Rooms and clothing not being kept clean. * Self neglect – Individual not eating, washing, dressing properly. Not looking after themselves. * Neglect by others – Inadequate care or denial of an individual’s basic rights.
Denying them of food, drink, clothing, possessions, money and also denying them access to family and friends. Self neglect When an individual refuses to take care of themselves regarding either personal hygiene, personal appearance, not eating and drinking properly and also refusal of medication. Neglect by others When someone with a duty of care for an individual does not give adequate care, such as, denial of food and drink or money undermining the individual and taking away their dignity. 1.2 The signs an symptoms of;
Physical abuse Is an act of physical bodily harm from one person/people to another. Intending to cause that physical harm injury and/or suffering. For example: Striking with an object, Slapping, kicking, punching, head butting, biting, poking, choking, shoving, pinching, back handing, elbowing, scratching, kneeing. ? Sexual abuse Is an act of forcing sexual activity onto another without consent and against their will.
PRINCIPLES OF SAFEGUARDING AND PROTECTION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Outcome 1 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse Can be any unwanted contact from one or more people to another person, this contact can result in broken bones, fractures, dislocations, cuts and bruises from the result of open handed slap, pinch, punch, a kick or from being restrained. Sexual abuse is unwanted, unconsented sexual reference, behaviours or contact directed towards a person or persons such as touching, fondling, caressing, suggestive hand gestures or body movements. Emotional/psychological abuse is bullying somebody without making actual contact. This can be by being verbally aggressive, ignoring or victimising and isolating a person in order to make them feel unhappy, unwelcome or maybe blckmailing somebody into something they are uncomfortable with. Name calling is also emotional and Psychological Abuse.