Outline The Causes Of Dementia Essay

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Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is a word that describes a set of symptoms that may include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem solving or language. This is caused by a specific disease such as a stroke or Alzheimers which damages brain cells and affects people of any age. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Produce a diagram of the human brain and identify the key areas of the brain and their function. Using a different colour pen indicate where dementia effects the brain. The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe = Responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning Frontal lobe = Responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour…show more content…
Other symptoms include aggression, compulsive behaviour, being easily distracted and language problems. Outline the risk factors for the most common causes of dementia. Alzheimers Risk Factors Most people affected by this type of dementia are aged 65 or older and the likelihood of developing this disease doubles about every 5 years. So after 85 years old the risk is nearly 50% Also if you have family who have this disease, the risk to yourself increase. Genes also play a role in the risk to you developing this disease. Vascular Risk Factors These include having an immediate family member with disease. It may also develop in combination with Alzheimers and/or Parkinson’s disease. Fronto-temperal Risk Factors This dementia tends to occur at a younger age than Alzheimers and can affect men and women. Very little is known about the risk factors of this type of dementia and most cases are not inherited, although there is one extremely rare type which can be passed through

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