Mr Martin Spriggs

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Unit 4222-237 Dementia awareness (DEM 201) Outcome 1 1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Dementia is the progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the body beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. Unlike Alzheimer’s disease which is a specific change in the brain were a dementia is more of a generic term that can include many conditions and various causes. 2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The key functions that are affected by dementia are: Temporal lobe- responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning. Frontal lobe - responsible for decision making, problem solving, control behaviour and emotions. Parietal lobe - responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. Occipital lobe- responsible for processing information related to vision Cerebrum lobe - biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement. Hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions. 3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. This may be the case because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia, for example: Symptoms of depression: Anxiety, irritability, Delusions. Hallucinations increased or decreased by body movements. Pacing, wringing their hands, pulling or rubbing their hair, body, or clothing. Sleep disturbance: difficulty getting to sleep, staying asleep or especially waking up early. Changes in appetite: usually loss of appetite but sometimes increased appetite. Weight loss or occasionally weight gain, fatigue, decreased energy, difficulty concentrating, thinking or making decisions. Symptoms of delirium: Reduced awareness of the

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