Dem 201 Essay

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DEM 201 Task 1 Design an information booklet explaining to relative of the individuals you support What is meant by the term dementia? The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by a series of small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. It is often the case that the person's family and friends are more concerned about the symptoms than the person may be themselves. The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Temporal lobe = responsible foe vision, memory, language, hearing, learning Disturbance in function of the temporal lobe may be caused by ischaemic or haemorrhagic damage, as with a cerebrovascular event (CVE). Disturbance of temporal lobe function may also occur with space-occupying lesions, trauma and may be associated with epilepsy. The temporal lobe is a complex part of the brain dealing with many 'higher functions' and so behaviour and intellect may be affected rather than gross motor skills. Frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotions. The frontal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. They are positioned at the front most region of the cerebral cortex and are involved in movement, decision-making, problem solving, and planning. There are three main divisions of the frontal lobes. They are the prefrontal cortex,

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