Unit Dem 201 Dementia Awareness

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Unit DEM 201 Dementia awareness Level: 2 Unit DEM 201 Dementia awareness Assessment Criteria Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is The learner can: 1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is the progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the body beyond what might be expected from normal aging. Unlike Alzheimer's disease, which is a specific change in the brain, dementia is more of a generic term that can include many conditions and various causes. 2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Temporal lobe - responsible for memory, hearing, language, learning and vision. Frontal lobe - responsible for problem solving, decision making, controls behaviour and emotions. Parietal lobe - responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness. Occipital lobe - responsible for processing information related to vision. Cerebrum lobe - biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, our consciousness, movement and senses. Hippocampus - responsible for memory forming, organising and storing and emotions. 3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. This may be because they all share many symptoms as dementia, for example: Symptoms of depression: Anxiety, irritability, Delusions Sleep disturbance: difficulty getting to sleep, staying asleep or especially waking up early Fatigue, decreased energy Difficulty concentrating, thinking or making decisions Symptoms of delirium: Reduced awareness of the environment, this may result in: An inability to stay focused on a topic or to change topics Wandering attention, getting stuck on an idea rather than responding to questions or conversation Being easily distracted by unimportant things

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