Unit 13 Dementia Awareness Hsc Level 2

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UNIT 13 Dementia Awareness 1- Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by th term 'dementia' The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by a series of small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way. It is often the case that the person's family and friends are more concerned about the symptoms than the person may be themselves. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are - affected by dementia temporal lobe = responsible foe vision, memory,laugage, hearing,learning frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotions parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness occipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to vision cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement hippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression is common in the elderly especially those in instituional care setting and those with chronic medical conditions Symptoms of depression in the elderly may include:- - No energy - No appetite - Problems with memory and concentration - difficulty sleeping - Diminished functioning - Vauge back and neck pain

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