Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

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DEM 301: Understand the process and experience of dementia 1. Understand the neurology of dementia. 1.1. Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome. 1.1. Answer: Dementia is a term for the progressive disease of brain and describes a serious deterioration in mental function, as memory, language, orientation and judgement , The causes of dementia are still not fully understood. Research in dementia is an ongoing and to date number of types of dementia and their causes have been identified. The brain contains billions of cells, in dementia some of these cells stop working properly. Depending what part of brain this occurs in it will affect the way an individual thinks, remembers, walks and communicates. There is a range of causes of dementia here are son of them: • Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. It is caused by nerves cells dying in certain parts of the brain and the connection between affected nerve cells deteriorates. As dementia progresses it spreads and affects other parts of the brain. The cause of brain cells dying and deterioration of the connectors is not fully known yet. • Vascular dementia is caused by deprivation of oxygenated blood to the brain. Oxygenated blood is carried around the body by arteries and deoxygenated blood is carried through our body in veins. These arteries and veins make our vascular system. When the organ in our body is deprived of oxygenated blood that organ or part of it will die. This is exactly what happens in vascular dementia. The conditions which can cause these problems are preventable and include diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure and cholesterol. Rarer forms of dementia are: • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease known as CJD is caused by prion disease. Prions are proteins in body and when these protein cluster together in the brain they cause brain cells to die

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