Unit 13 1.1 The term Dementia is described by a number of symptoms such as memory lose, changes in mood, and unable to communicate normally. A mental decline in the ability to function in every day life. 1.2 Key functions of the brain affected by dementia are frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum and hippocampus. 1.3 Dementia can be mistaken for depression, delirium and age-related memory impairment because they are very similar in appearance. 2.1 The medical model sees the patient with dementia as a problem.
As dementia progresses, the ability of someone to look after themselves from day to day may also become affected. 1.3 Why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia : signs, symptoms, behaviour, diagnosis, medication Outcome 2: Understand Key Features of the Theoretical Models of Dementia 2.1 The medical model of dementia: Here the person is seen as being ill or having a condition (referred to as the disability) and is in need of some form of treatment. In this model, or view, of disability the illness or condition is said to be seen first and the person second. 2.2 The social model of dementia: This model concentrates on the person as a valued member of a very diverse society. It suggests that the person is a unique individual who has the right to the same opportunities in housing, education, transport and facilities as anyone else.
Dementia is basically damage in the brain where there is a build-up of abnormal proteins which causes a decline in mental ability. The decline can be either rapid or a gradual process. Typical causes of Dementia can be one specific disease such as Alzheimer’s which accounts for 60-80% of cases, or Parkinson’s or motor neurone disease, however Dementia is not a specific disease but rather describes a wide range of symptoms. In most cases, dementia is not inherited directly from family members, although a small number of cases can be inherited from family members. Other less common causes of dementia may include depression, head injuries, alcohol misuse, brain tumours, infections of the brain such as HIV, Strokes, or lack of Vitamin B in the diet.
UNIT 4222-365 1.1 Range of causes of dementia Cells in the brain stop working, and the part of the brain that this occurs in will affect how that person thinks, remembers and communicates. The most common forms of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is caused by damage in certain areas of the brain. With time, it spreads and affects cells in other parts of the brain. The cause of the brain cells dying and the deterioration of the connectors is not fully known.
DEM 201 Task 1 Design an information booklet explaining to relative of the individuals you support What is meant by the term dementia? The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by a series of small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have.
1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia and this may be why people mistake them for dementia. 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia. The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, disempowering and devaluing individuals. 2.2 Outline the social model of dementia.
The temporal lobe which is responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing and learning is affected. 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Answer: Conditions such as depression, delirium and age related memory impairment could be mistaken as dementia as they show similar symptoms such as finding it difficult to make decisions, memory loss, low in mood and confusion, extreme emotions such as fear, anxiety, anger or depression, becoming easily distracted, low attention span, urinary incontinence and being withdrawn, with little or no activity or little response to the environment 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia. Answer: The medical model relates to the clinical approach and treatment of
Hippocampus: - responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing, emotions. 1.3 Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia because the symptoms for these illnesses are very similar to the symptoms with dementia. It is very hard to make a diagnosis of dementia in the early stages due to their being so many other illnesses with the same symptoms. 2.1 The medical model relates to clinical approach. Focusing on the impairment as the problem and will focus on cure.
Unit 13 1.3 Explain the way that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of the individual with dementia. Individuals with dementia process information through the main cells called neurons. When the body is not resting the neuron cell processes information to the axon where a chemical called neurotransmitters travels over a gap in the brain and switches on another neuron cell. Individuals with dementia who have damage to the neurons on the left side of the brain usually suffer with depression. However they also tend to have problems with being organized and using language.
Dementia Awareness Task 1 1.1 Dementia is a deterioration of intellectual faculties, such as memory, concentration, and judgment, resulting from an organic disease or a disorder of the brain. It is sometimes accompanied by emotional disturbance and personality changes. 1.2 The key functions of the brain that are affected are: Temporal lobe = responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing, learning Frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotions Parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in