Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

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Understand the process and experience of dementia Definition of dementia is a syndrome usually of a chronic or progressive nature in which there is deterioration in cognitive function, thinking, orientation, comprehension, and calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. Dementia is caused by damage in brain. The most common cause of dementia is called neurodegenerative diseases that include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Huntington disease, Front temporal dementia and dementia with lewy bodies. With this disease the brain cell degenerate and die more quickly than normal ageing process, these decline a persons mental and some times physical abilities. The gradual changes and damage to the brain cells are caused by a build up of abnormal proteins in the brain. Dementia is a common condition that affects about 800,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older and condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65 years. The symptoms of people with dementia is memory (short/long term), Thinking, Speed, Language, Understanding, Judgement and sensory ability. There are some other factors Cause changes in individual condition with similar symptoms of dementia, like depression, confusional state due to an infection (UTI/chest infections), sensory changes due to age related degeneration, reduced metabolism cause poor appetite, Osteoporosis and fear of falling. Abilities of an individual with dementia may fluctuate because of the changes to physical environment (moving home, starting at a day centre) changes to a social environment (changes in carers, loss of family or friends and social isolation, Bereavement) changes to the emotional environment ( Cares become stressed, experience of abuse) Personal changes ( changes in treatment, changes in medication) Changes in physical condition ( bacteria or viral

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