Describe The Types Of Memory Impairmentia

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Outcome 1 Understanding the process and experience of dementia 1.1 Alzheimers is the most common cause of dementia. The chemistry and structures of the brain change leading to brain cells dying during the course of the disease. Vascular dementia can occur after a stroke, or over time through many small strokes, the oxygen to the brain fails and many brain cells die. Fronto-temporal dementia is damage usually in the front part of the brain. Behaviour and personality are affected more than the memory. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or CJD is when the central nervous system is attacked by infectious agents called prions which then invade the brain and cause dementia. Dementia with Lewy Bodies is a form of dementia, it is caused…show more content…
Recent studies suggest that mixed dementia is more common than previously thought. There are many other rarer causes of dementia, including Binswanger's Disease and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy. People with motor neurone disease, Parkinson's disease and MS (Multiple sclerosis) and Huntington's disease can also have an increased risk of developing dementia. 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia are, memory problems which can include forgetfulness with the most recent events being forgotten first for e.g. misplacing objects or going to the shop and not remembering what was needed. Changes in behaviour, mood and personality can also affect someone with dementia, they may become moody and irritated quite easily, along with problems with day to day activities. Aggression and agitation may also occur which can be out of character, this can be very difficult for family and friends to cope with. 1.3 Explain the ways that individuals process information with reference to the abilities and limitations of individuals with…show more content…
1.4 Explain how other factors can cause changes in an individual's condition that may not be attributable to dementia. Sensory changes due to age-related degeneration eg: loss of hearing and increase of things affecting balance. Head trauma after an accident ie: car crash or ski accident. Depression can impair the ability to create long term memories and the individual can have a negative view of life recalling negative and unhappy experiences. Cardiac problems such as heart failure/coronary artery disease that reduces the blood flow. Amnesia can cause memory loss and can be the first symptoms of a serious illness particularly in older adults. Infections such as UTI, respiratory infection or sepsis. Underactive thyroid can lead to apathy, depression or dementia. Hypoglycemia can cause confusion and personality changes when there is not enough sugar in the

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