On the other hand, Wernicke’s area is responsible for the comprehension of speech, which its function is linked with language development (GNU). Hence, one is mainly for speaking and the other for listening. The locations of both parts are different within the brain. According the studies, Broca’s area is located around the inferior frontal gyrus, which is a part of the frontal lobe (Wisegeek). The frontal lobe’s main functions are movement control and language production that thrive from the primary motor cortex.
Behaviourism This approach is based on the concept of explaining behaviour through observation, and the belief that out environment is what causes humans to behave differently or suffer illnesses. The behaviourists assume that we can understand people by observing their behaviours. This is similar to cognitive approach which looks at thought processes and other unobservable activities. Behaviour can be observed in terms of responses to certain stimuli. Example a Person being told to hold a book (stimulus) would respond by holding the book.
A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for. Decision making, problem solving, control of behaviour and emotions, which the frontal lobe (front lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Sensory information form the body, letter forming, putting things in order and spatial awareness, which the parietal lobe (middle top lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Processing information related to vision, which the occipital lobe (back lobe of the brain) is responsible for, can also be affected. Memory, attention, thought, senses and movement, which the cerebellum lobe (right at the bottom of the brain next to the brain stem) is responsible for, can also be affected.
According to current research the part of the brain that responds when individuals are given two conflicting signals is known as the anterior cingulate. Its function thought processes and emotional responses. It’s located between the frontal portion sides left and right. By using the stroop effect psychologists have been able to test the effects found in the cognitive due to attention fatigue. The other purpose of the stroop effect is that it shows the dominations of some parts of the brain and how functional areas are dominated.
The hippocampus on the other side is responsible for the production of corticosteroids (chemicals that produce physiological responses to stimuli). How the mind creates memories is controlled by the hippocampus. So as to work efficiently, the amygdala and the hippocampus rely on each other greatly. The amygdala regulates the responses to stimuli and the hippocampus uses these responses in the formation of both short-term and long-term memories. Damage to the amygdala or hippocampus causes loss of emotions and memory respectively.
Cognitive: Mental processes and skills are analyzed with this perspective. Problem solving, creativity and memory are some of the key elements of Cognitive. Neuroscientific/Biopsychological: The study of the biological reactions the brain makes towards being psychoanalyzed in any perspective. What makes a brain happy or sad and correcting it. Sociocultural: Studying how people act, react and are influenced by social stigmas.
'Human behaviour and performance are the result of multiple influences.' Examine and assess this assertion, drawing on examples from Chapters 1, 6 and 7 of Discovering Psychology. There are many theories and approaches on why humans behave in a certain way and what factors have an influence on their actions. As with behaviour human performance also is influenced by multiple influences. In order to examine this assertion we have to look into some of the theories and findings from different areas in psychology that allows us to understand the importance of these influences.
First this essay will briefly define TOM and ASC. Following on, the essay will describe one of the main TOM related tests and present studies that show how typically developing and autistic individuals perform on these tests. The second part of the essay will discuss some limitations of TOM methods for understanding social competence and put forward an additional method for measuring abilities in the social world. Baron-Cohen (2001) describes TOM as the ability to infer the full range of mental states e.g. beliefs, desires, intentions, imagination, emotions etc.
The strength of this method is that all variables can be controlled, but, the problem is that experimental research may suffer artificiality. Today however researchers use a variety of methods including case studies. Neuroscientists can now study which brain areas are active when people make decisions, and how cognitive processes can be disrupted. The third principle states that cognitive processes are influenced by social and cultural factors this idea was first introduced by the British psychologist named Bartlett who constructed the term schema. Schema is defined as a mental representation of knowledge; it’s an internal depiction of the world.
Such generalization can occur in both classical and operant conditioning (if a CS is used). However, a subject can be taught to discriminate among sounds and to respond only to a specific sound. Cognitive Theories- Cognitive theory is concerned with the development of a person's thought processes. It also looks at how these thought processes influence how we understand and interact with the world. The foremost