Dementai Awareness Level 2

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Unit 10 Dementia Awareness Outcome 1 - Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term dementia Dementia is a term used that describes a variety of symptoms which affect the brain from certain diseases and conditions such as Vascular and Alzheimer’s disease, these symptoms include losing the ability to remember, think and communicate. Dementia is not an illness or a disease in itself but it is a progressive disorder that affects every person differently. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Frontal lobe The largest lobes of the brain and located behind the forehead. The key functions affected by dementia are: behaviour, emotions, decision making, movement and language and interpretation (understanding) Parietal lobe Located behind the frontal lobes in the middle section of the brain, key functions affected are recognition and spatial awareness (being aware of your surroundings) and control of language Occipital lobe Located at the lower back of the head. Key functions affected by dementia are: distortion of the visual field, the perception of size, colour and shape of objects may not be recognised by the brain from what the eyes are actually seeing. Temporal lobe Located on the sides of the brain at about the same level as the ears. Key functions affected by dementia are: hearing, language, the formation of memories, recognising people and places. The Cerebellum Located at the base of the brain under the Occipital lobe. Key functions affected are balance and muscle co-ordination The Hippocampus Located in the temporal lobe of the brain. Key functions affected are long term memory, behaviour and memories of personal events and related emotions 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression: This can
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