Nvq 2 Essay

400 Words2 Pages
1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Dementia is a condition which is described by a number of symptoms and is a progressive decline of mental abilities and cognitive function as well as changes in personality, mood, communication and behaviour. Dementia is caused by chemical and structural changes within the brain as well as brain injury. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Dementia can affect the following key functions of the brain: - Temporal lobe - Parietal lobe - Frontal lobe - Occipital lobe - Hippocampus - Cerebrum lobe These all affect the function of: -Memory -Emotion -Cognitive skills -Perception -Behaviour -Communication -Senses and movement 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Delirium, age related memory and depression often affect the memory and cognitive impairment, which can be mistaken for dementia. If someone is clinically depressed, their symptoms may be very similar to someone who has got dementia. Delirium, like dementia, is more common in older adults. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia. There are a lot of similar symptoms, and it is essential that the correct diagnosis, from a professional is given. 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia. The medical model sees the problem as the impairment and focuses on a cure and plans for the future. 2.2 Outline the social model of dementia. The social model is personal centred. It recognises the person for who they are, rather than their condition. It focuses on promoting independence, giving choice and rights that the individual has. 2.3 Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability. Dementia should be viewed as a disability as some individuals can not act
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