3) – Explain why depression, delirium, and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia. Symptoms of dementia: Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning Memory loss, Depression, Changes in personality and mood, Periods of mental confusion, Low attention span, Urinary incontinence, Stroke like symptoms, such as
basics of alzheimer’s disease What it is and what you can do Basics of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s (AHLZ-high-merz) is a disease of the brain that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. It is not a normal part of aging. Alzheimer’s gets worse over time. Although symptoms can vary widely, the first problem many people notice is forgetfulness severe enough to affect their ability to function at home or at work, or to enjoy lifelong hobbies. Other symptoms include confusion, getting lost in familiar places, misplacing things and trouble with language.
Optional unit understand the process and experience of dementia. 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome. The causes of dementia vary however all are irreversible changes that have occurred in the brain. The most common causes are called neurodegenerative diseases; these include Alzheimer's, front temporal and Lewy body disease. These diseases cause the brain cells degenerate and die more quickly than the normal ageing process.
1.1. Answer: Dementia is a term for the progressive disease of brain and describes a serious deterioration in mental function, as memory, language, orientation and judgement , The causes of dementia are still not fully understood. Research in dementia is an ongoing and to date number of types of dementia and their causes have been identified. The brain contains billions of cells, in dementia some of these cells stop working properly. Depending what part of brain this occurs in it will affect the way an individual thinks, remembers, walks and communicates.
DEM 301 Understand the process and experience of dementia 1 Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer’s - Alzheimer’s is caused be ‘plaques ‘ and ‘tangles’ developing within the brain which causes the brain cells to die, over time the disease progresses damaging other parts of the brain. To begin with individuals will experience memory loss and problems with word finding, as it progresses individuals may find it hard to communicate, forgetting names and places, become confused and unable to carry out every day living tasks. Vascular Dementia - Vascular dementia is caused by a lack of blood supply to the brain, starving the brain of oxygen which causes brain cells to die, this can be caused by a stroke or mini strokes over a period of time. Individuals with vascular dementia may have paralysis or weakness as in a stroke, have difficulty communicating and become confused, suffer from depression, incontinence problems and memory loss. Mixed Dementia – Mixed dementia is when an individual has Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia, the individual may have symptoms relating to either Alzheimer’s or vascular dementia or a mixture of both.
Strokes tend to affect a specific area of the brain, whereas a head injury due to a road accident usually involves more general damage. The main effects of brain injury can be grouped into three areas; Physical – affecting how the body works. Fatigue -ordinary tasks take much more effort and more rest is needed. Mobility – movement can become slow and balance and co-ordination can be affected. Sensory impairment – Sensation of touch on the skin may be reduced, lost or exaggerated.
Over time, however, the damage caused to brain tissue interferes with basic cognitive functions that disrupts everyday activities in their daily lives. Multi-infarct dementia causes loss of functioning to specific areas of the brain, impairing some neurological and mental functions and not others. When vascular dementia occurs with other types of dementia, such as
Nina 1 Dementia describes a group of symptoms that are caused by changes in brain function. Dementia symptoms may include asking the same questions repeatedly; becoming lost in familiar places; being unable to follow directions; getting disoriented about time, people, and places; and neglecting personal safety, hygiene, and nutrition. People with dementia lose their abilities at different rates. They are several neurologic disease for which dementia is the major symptom. They are called neurodegenerative disorder simply because they degenerate the nervous system .Alzheimer disease is by far the most common neurodegenerative disorder.The cause of AD are still very unclear.
Dementia Awareness The word ‘dementia’ is a term, which describes a serious deterioration in mental functions, such as memory, language, orientation and judgement. In an individual previously unimpaired, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. The brain is a complex organ and is divided up into different areas that control different functions within the body. The brain contains around 100 billion cells. In Dementia some of these cells stop working properly.
Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning- thinking, remembering, and reasoning- to such an extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life and activities (AD fact sheet, 2010). AD is a progressive disease of the brain, which is characterized by a gradual loss of memory and other mental functions (Medina xi, pg. 2). As we age our risk of becoming victim to this degenerative disease becomes greater. One out of two Americans