Dem301 Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

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DEM 301 Understand the process and experience of dementia 1 Understand the neurology of dementia 1.1 Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer’s - Alzheimer’s is caused be ‘plaques ‘ and ‘tangles’ developing within the brain which causes the brain cells to die, over time the disease progresses damaging other parts of the brain. To begin with individuals will experience memory loss and problems with word finding, as it progresses individuals may find it hard to communicate, forgetting names and places, become confused and unable to carry out every day living tasks. Vascular Dementia - Vascular dementia is caused by a lack of blood supply to the brain, starving the brain of oxygen which causes brain cells to die, this can be caused by a stroke or mini strokes over a period of time. Individuals with vascular dementia may have paralysis or weakness as in a stroke, have difficulty communicating and become confused, suffer from depression, incontinence problems and memory loss. Mixed Dementia – Mixed dementia is when an individual has Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia, the individual may have symptoms relating to either Alzheimer’s or vascular dementia or a mixture of both. Binswanger’s Disease – Binswanger’s disease is a vascular dementia and is caused by damage to the small blood vessels deep within the brain. Fronto-temporal Dementia – Fronto-temporal dementia is caused by damage to front of the brain, this part of the brain is responsible for language skills, behaviour and emotional responses. This form of dementia includes Pick’s disease and dementia associated with Motor Neurone Disease. Individuals with Fronto-temporal dementia may have changes in the way they behave, say inappropriate things, become aggressive, lack insight and problems with word finding. Dementia with Lewy bodies – Lewy bodies are small deposits of protein

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