Dementia Awareness Q1.1) Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. A) Dementia is a term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. It’s a progressive disease that affected the brain’s cognitive functions. Q1.2) Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. A) The key functions that are affected by dementia are vision, memory, hearing, language and learning, which the temporal lobe (bottom left front lobe of the brain) is responsible for.
NCFE Level 2 Certificate in the Principles of Dementia care (600/6355/5) Unit 01: Dementia awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Answer: The term dementia' describes a set of symptoms caused by damage to the brain like confusion in a familiar place, loss of memory, changes in mood, and problems with thinking, reading, communication and reasoning. There are several types of Dementia. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. Answer: The hippocampus this is the main area affected by Dementia it is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions.
2b b) Name area 2 of the brain and its key function of this area affected by dementia The parietal lobe located at the upper back part of the brain is one of the major lobes in the brain, is responsible for language, special awareness and recognition. 2c c) Name area 3 of the brain and its key function of this area affected by dementia The temporal lobes located at the bottom middle part of the brain is one of the major lobes in the brain, is responsible for long-term memory, speech and hearing. 2d d) Name area 4 of the brain and its key function of this area affected by dementia The
Unit 13: Dementia Awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ Dementia is not a natural part of the ageing process. It is a progressive illness with a physical cause. Symptoms are caused due to changes in the brain, the more the brain changes the more the severe the symptoms. Dementia is a set of symptoms that may include memory loss, difficulty thinking, problem solving or language. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia.
Unit 10 Dementia Awareness Outcome 1 - Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term dementia Dementia is a term used that describes a variety of symptoms which affect the brain from certain diseases and conditions such as Vascular and Alzheimer’s disease, these symptoms include losing the ability to remember, think and communicate. Dementia is not an illness or a disease in itself but it is a progressive disorder that affects every person differently. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Frontal lobe The largest lobes of the brain and located behind the forehead. The key functions affected by dementia are: behaviour, emotions, decision making, movement and language and interpretation (understanding) Parietal lobe Located behind the frontal lobes in the middle section of the brain, key functions affected are recognition and spatial awareness (being aware of your surroundings) and control of language Occipital lobe Located at the lower back of the head. Key functions affected by dementia are: distortion of the visual field, the perception of size, colour and shape of objects may not be recognised by the brain from what the eyes are actually seeing.
Level 3 Diploma in Health and Social Care Unit DEM 301 Understand the process and experience of dementia. Outcome1 | Understand the neurology of dementia | Outcome1.1 | Describe a range of causes of dementia syndromeDementia is not a single disease, but rather a non-specific illness syndrome (i.e., set of signs and symptoms)Alzheimer’s disease (AD) usually presents with loss of memory, especially for learning new information and later behaviour that challenges. Symptoms commonly include depression, apathy, agitation, disinhibition, psychosis (delusions and hallucinations), wandering, aggression, incontinence and altered eating habits.Vascular dementia (VaD) can present after an acute vascular event (for example, a stroke) planning problems, gait disturbance and apraxia (loss of ability to perform previously learned tasks). Behaviours that challenge are also common in VaD, with depression and apathy seen most frequently.Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is characterised by recurrent visual hallucinations, fluctuating cognitive disturbance and motor features of parkinsonism. Associated features in DLB are falls, disturbances of consciousness, autonomic dysfunction and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorderFrontotemporal dementia (FTD) usually presents with language disturbance and/or behavioural difficulties (either disinhibition or apathy),Korsakoff's syndrome is a brain disorder that is usually associated with heavy drinking over a long period.
365 Understand the process and experience of Dementia. 1.1 Describe the range of causes of dementia syndrome. Dementia syndrome can be caused by a number of difference conditions, which is sometimes called mixed dementia. Different causes include, a specific disease like Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease, a cerebral vascular accident like a stroke or brain trauma, or a group of conditions or brain disorders. 1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia.
Dementia Awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning. 1.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus. 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia.
People with delirium suffer from hallucinations and delutions which means they hear see or think things that are not real, their thinking and reasoning are affected significantly and severe confusion is often present as in most cases of dementia. Age related memory impairment can cause forgetfulness again similar to dementia. The most common causes of different types of dementia are as follows. Alzheimer's disease: Alzheimer's disease is caused by parts of the brain wasting away, which damages the structure of the brain and how it works.It is not known exactly what causes this process to begin, but people with Alzheimer's disease have been found to have abnormal amounts of protein and fibres in the brain.These reduce the effectiveness of healthy neurons, gradually destroying them.Over time, this damage spreads to other areas of the brain such as the grey matter and the hippocampus. Risk factors
These two conditions constitute the vast majority of cases, and although their symptoms can sometimes be managed, they are irreversible. Dementia associated with Altzheimers disease progressively worsens. In addition, symptoms of dementia vary depending on the cause, but it includes some common signs and symptoms such as loss of memory, difficulty in communicating, inability to learn or remember new information, difficulty with planning and organization. The signs of dementia can also include symptoms like difficulty with coordination and motor functions, changes in personality, inability to reason, inappropriate behavior, paranoia, agitation and hallucinations. It is important to know that, dementia affects each person differently, depending on the impact of the disease and the personality of the subject before beginning to suffer it.