As per Steinberg (2013), this could be explained by the time gap between the development of the limbic system in puberty and the prefrontal cortex maturing years after. However, the changes that occur in the brain during adolescence are not necessarily at fault for adolescent behavior. “It is important to keep in mind that evidence of a correlation between the changes in brain structure or function changes in adolescent behavior does not necessarily mean that the first is necessarily causing the second” (Steinberg, 2013, p. 71). The environment and the life events adolescents experience play a major role in the behavior they choose to engage in. The more adolescents engage in risky behavior, the stronger the connections between the neurons, active during this behavior, become; therefore, making the behavior easier to perform.
There is also a correlation between the stage of development a student is at when he experiences the causal factors. The younger the child begins to experience the factors, the more likely it will be that they develop EBD (Yell, et al, 2009). Internal or biological factors originate in the body or the mind of the child and occur naturally. Factors that fit under the internal category are hyperactivity, schizophrenia, depression, and difficulty with concentration. Factors such as these make it very difficult for a student to adjust socially, or develop problem-solving skills in the classroom and therefore lead to disruptive behavior problems (Yell, et al, 2009).
Your interests start to change and you do not what to be treated like a child. Your mind starts forming thoughts and you begin to see the world outside of your family structure. As an adolescent you begin having connections with friends and share common interests. This is the time where your communication skills are beginning and your peers are the biggest attributes. As an adolescent the culture that you grow up with makes the developing process harder and easier
The journey through puberty has not been a rough road, but it has been a learning experience for us both. The adolescence stage can start around the age of 13 and continue through the age of 19. During the adolescence stage, the teenagers struggle with changes in their bodies and changes in their emotions. During this stage, the individuals struggle with self-identity and independence. Early stages of adolescence tend to create a negative, yet, confused attitude for the individual.
The stresses of wants and needs can be intensified by a society that is materialistic. Also, social changes can create anxiety and disillusionment for adolescents causing them to commit delinquent acts. Clearly, people have a tendency to mature in different stages until adulthood. When a juvenile does something wrong, they are then considered to be juvenile delinquent. All juvenile delinquent behaviors are influenced not only by the environment in which juveniles live, but also by what they observe in adults.
IB Psychology 1 H435-2 Erikson’s psychological theory of psychosocial development in adolescents has been supported and disputed, showing many strengths and weaknesses, by a multitude of case studies most specifically Rutter et al and Espin et al. Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan and shows how he believes that personality develops in a series of eight different stages. Each stage in Erikson’s theory is concerned with becoming competent in an area of life and experiencing a conflict that serves as a turning point in development. He believes that if the “stage” is handled well, the person will feel a sense of mastery but if the stage is handled poorly, the person will emerge with a sense of inadequacy. In Erikson’s view he sees these conflicts centered around developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality.
Asking why adolescents are susceptible to poor decision making is a very broad question. Dividing it into three main areas and looking at these should make it a lot easier for us to grasp. The areas that will be discussed in the essay are why poor decision making occurs from social, cognitive and physical development perspectives. During adolescents people have many large decisions to make that can affect them later on in life. Understanding what affects decisions is vital if we are to gain an insight to an adolescent’s life.
Avoidant children often have rejecting parents, which leads to them developing an internal model which makes them think they are unacceptable and unworthy. The continuity hypothesis provides an explanation for why these early experience which lead to certain attachment types go on to affect relationships in adult life, as attachment type remains fairly stable over a lifetime. The internal working model developed in childhood influences a person’s expectations and attitudes towards relationships. The theory predicts that securely attached people are more likely to have stable relationships, compared to resistant types who are likely to be clingy and avoidant types who aren’t comfortable in relationships. Hazan & Shaver conducted an experiment which lends support to Bowlby’s concept of the IWM.
They begin to understand acceptable and unacceptable behaviour and have a strong sense of right and wrong. Teenagers may need more reassurance as they approach their adult years, puberty brings about many emotional changes which they made find difficult to cope with. Their independence may cause them to distance themselves from parents as they become closer to their peers, seeking approval from them
Analyse the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the distinction is important. It is important to know the difference between the sequence and the rate of development, as it helps to identify the child’s abilities and needs during these stages. The sequencing of development assists you to prepare and plan effectively and at the right time in anticipation for the next development stage to be reached. The sequence of development is not to be confused with the rate of development as every child will progress and grow at different speeds. The rate of development however, is when individuals reach certain milestones and at the speed of which they do so, and the rate is also about recognising and identifying and concerns in development and how you can adapt and assist learning and development.