Interpersonal Process In Nursing

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Interpersonal Process in Nursing According to the Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009), a theory is one or more relatively concrete and specific concepts derived from a conceptual model, the propositions that narrowly describe those concepts, and the propositions that state relatively concrete and specific relations between two or more of the concepts. Nursing theories offer an organized and systematic way to express statements related to questions in nursing, providing nurses with the opportunity to describe, predict, explain, and control phenomena related to their practice. Nursing theory is made up of four types: practice theory, middle range theory, grand theory, and metatheory. Regardless of its type, each nursing theory is composed of a group of four concepts designed to lead a nurse to actions that guide his or her practice: the person, the environment, health, and nursing itself , which include goals, roles, and functions (Keefe, 2009). The person, furthermore the interpersonal process, is the concept that will be focused on while reviewing the theories of Peplau, King, and Henderson. Hildegard Peplau defined nursing as “a service for people that enhances healing and health by methods that are humanistic and primarily non-invasive;” more specifically nursing was a “significant therapeutic interpersonal process which functions cooperatively with other human processes that make health possible for individuals.” Through the interpersonal process, clinical judgment then is used to integrate scientific and artistic aspects to define and intervene in the patient’s problem (Fitzpatrick & Whall, 2005, para 8). The interpersonal process between patient and nurse represents the critical nursing phenomenon of focus. Basic to her description on nursing is her developmental perspective of human phenomena; nursing was defined as “a maturing

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