According to Alligood (2010), “the formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, the instillation of faith-hope, the cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others, and the development of a helping-trusting relationship” (p. 113) are the four carative factors. Watson’s theory teaches the nurse how to search within herself to ask the question what is the true caring? Watson’s theory focuses on genuine nursing care that consists of respect and valuing another
The theorist’s background and perspectives will be explained and lastly the theory will be discussed as to how it can serve as an underpinning and improve nursing practice. Concepts for the Grand Theory When comparing a grand theory to a middle range theory, a grand theory is much more abstract that uses a wide scope to explain and define broad issues. A middle range theory is more specific, focused and concrete (Eldridge, 2014). Watsons’s theory of human caring is a good example of a grand theory. Watson’s theory takes on a holistic approach to providing care for the patients all around wellbeing.
Comparison and Contrast: Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and Rosemarie Parse’s Theory of Human Becoming Nursing theory, according to Florence Nightingale, helps to describe and explain what nursing is and what it is not. Nursing theory is important because it assists the profession of nursing to develop and understand nursing practice (Parker, 2006). Two nursing theorists, Jean Watson and Rosemarie Parse, share some common themes and perspectives as well as some significant differences in their theories. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast these two theories in order to understand these similarities and differences as well as to examine the similarities of other nursing theories to Watson and Parse’s theories.
The purpose of this paper is to select and analyze one of the many nursing theories that exist. The focus of the theory and its history will be explored. In addition, the motivational factor behind the development of the theory and the creator’s philosophical beliefs and values will also be discussed. Then, concepts of the selected theory will be compared to the nursing metaparadigm. The nursing theory that will be discussed in this paper is the Interpersonal Relations theory, created by Hildegard E. Peplau.
It is also important to know where and how theories can best apply to current nursing practice. Compare and Analyze a Common Core Concept A common core concept among Virginia Henderson’s need theory and Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory is nursing. Both theorists use the nursing concept in their theory to define the role of nursing. Henderson defines nursing as the unique function of a nurse to help a person sick or well in the performance of activities contributing to health or its recovery that the person would perform unaided if he or she had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge. Nursing can also consist of assisting an individual to a peaceful death.
Kozier and Erb (2007) defined nursing theory as providing direction and guidance in structuring profession nursing practice, education, and research while providing differentiation from other disciplines and serving as a template for the assessment, intervention, and evaluation of nursing care [ (Kozier, Erb, Snyder, & Berman, 2007) ]. The spectrum of nursing theory encompasses four metaparadigms consisting of the patient, environment, health, and nursing, with the focus of nursing centering on the patient [ (Kozier, Erb, Snyder, & Berman, 2007) ]. Nursing theory can be divided into a series of specific philosophy, each addressing a different aspect of nursing care with a common end result – enhanced patient care. The theories involve include – needs theory (centered around assisting the individual achieve his/her maximum functional potential), interaction theory (involve the relationship between the nurse and the patient), outcome theory (the nurse is a change force who guides the patient to adapt to illness), and caring/becoming theory (the patient and the nurse are brought together due to the fundamental act of caring) [ (Meleis, 2012) ]. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast a nursing theorist from each of the aforementioned nursing categories.
Application of Theory Paper Nursing theory is the framework that defines nursing practice, establishes standards of care and provides the information essential for functioning patient care. Theory presents logical and educated reasons for nursing actions, based on structured, written depictions of what nursing is and what nurses do (Rousell, 2010). When problems arise within the educational, research, administration and direct patient care settings; theory supplies a foundation for dialog. When using theory to facilitate resolution of a nursing issue it guides leaders in the direction of the common goal of affording superior patient care (Rousell, 2010). In this paper I will apply the Ida Jean Orlando’s Nursing Deliberate Nursing Process Theory to patient boarding in the Emergency Department (ED), a current issue at the facility I am employed.
Further on, the plan to implement the theory in critical care nursing was presented. This paper concluded with the discussion about the theory of comfort as an integral factor of excellent nursing practice today. Comfort Theory Applied in Critical Care Nursing “Comfort has been considered a positive, multidimensional, subjective, dynamic experience…and results from the interactions established by the subject with himself, to those surrounding him and to the situations faced in the process of disease and health care” (Freitas, et al, 2012). The purpose of this paper is to share my understanding of the concept of Comfort Theory designed by Dr. Katharine Kolcaba, with its implication and application to critical care nursing. The Comfort Theory was chosen to be analyzed, with goals of seeking relevant information and guidelines on how to successfully implement the theory to improve the comfort level among critically ill patients while performing daily routine care in ICU.
In nursing, it allows a nurse to instruct a competent co-worker or health-care member to perform specific duties in his or her place. If done properly, delegation will allow work to be done more proficiently by the health-care team, but it will also allow patients to benefit from the expertise of various staff members. In relation to nursing delegation, there are two main legislations that govern it: The Regulated Health Profession Act, 1991 (RHPA) and The Nursing Act, 1991. The RHPA “sets out two elements: a scope of practice statement, and a series of controlled or authorized acts for each profession” (CNO, 2013a, p. 3). A controlled act is defined “as acts that could cause harm if performed by those who do not have the knowledge, skill and judgment to perform them” (CNO, 2013a, p.4).
Merriam-Webster dictionary defines philosophy as “a set of basic principles or concepts underlying a particular sphere of knowledge” (2015). According to Edwards (1997), philosophy is defined in terms of the methods it uses and the purpose for which its methods are used. According to McCurry, Revell & Roy (2009), nursing philosophies, models and theories must be used as guides to nursing practice. McCurry et al. (2009) also highlights the importance of linking the philosophical perspective of nursing, the disciplinary goals, theory and practice when expanding knowledge for the discipline.