Theoretical Basis: Watson's Theory of Human Caring

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Theoretical Basis: Watson's Theory of Human Caring An advanced practice nurse (APN) to help guide professional practice and provide a working framework can use many different theories and models. Theories provide a foundation in which an APN can seek to understand patients and their problems and effectively plan interventions. Basing our practice on a particular theory can help improve the care we provide by not only providing structure but also providing boundaries and goals for our nursing actions and it defines a framework to evaluate the effectiveness of the actions we provide (Eldridge, 2014). This paper is going to review Watson’s theory of human caring and provide a description of the interrelated concepts for the grand nursing theory. The theorist’s background and perspectives will be explained and lastly the theory will be discussed as to how it can serve as an underpinning and improve nursing practice. Concepts for the Grand Theory When comparing a grand theory to a middle range theory, a grand theory is much more abstract that uses a wide scope to explain and define broad issues. A middle range theory is more specific, focused and concrete (Eldridge, 2014). Watsons’s theory of human caring is a good example of a grand theory. Watson’s theory takes on a holistic approach to providing care for the patients all around wellbeing. This includes not only the physical health but also the emotional and spiritual health as well. The theory’s major concepts include the ten clinical caritas factors, which are very important to define because they provide the framework for one to incorporate caring into their daily routine both professionally and personally. “Caritas” is a Greek word meaning to appreciate, to cherish and give special attention to (Watson, n.d). The ten caritas factors include (a) a practice of loving kindness; (b) being

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