Watsons Theory of Human Caring

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Watson's Theory of Human Caring NUR 403 June 10, 2013 Stephanie Merck Watson's Theory of Human Caring Jean Watson is a famous nursing theorist who founded the Science of Caring Theory in nursing in 1979. She received her BSN degree in 1964 from the University of Colorado and later earned her Master’s Degree in 1966. She again furthered her education in 1973 with a PhD. She formerly was the dean of the nursing school at the University of Colorado. At present, Dr. Watson is a distinguished nursing professor at the same university. Dr. Watson’s PhD is in Educational Psychology and Counseling with a research focused on human caring and loss. She presented her theory in her first book “Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring.” Her theory focuses on the ethical and moral aspects of nursing care. Her definition of caring emphasizes communication, empathy, having sufficient knowledge and clinical skills (Alligood, 2010). Dr. Watson believes that caring is central to nursing and can be effective if practiced interpersonally. In her caring theory, Dr. Watson introduced ten carative factors that are essential to successful nursing care (Alligood, 2010). This paper will discuss the key concepts of Watson’s theory and it will describe how it applies to the nurse and patient relationship. The caring moment will be defined and the application of four carative factors will be described. According to Alligood (2010), “the formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, the instillation of faith-hope, the cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others, and the development of a helping-trusting relationship” (p. 113) are the four carative factors. Watson’s theory teaches the nurse how to search within herself to ask the question what is the true caring? Watson’s theory focuses on genuine nursing care that consists of respect and valuing another

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