Watson’s theory of caring is the blueprint nurses use to care for their patients, family members and themselves within their scope of practice. Watson’s theory of caring is based on ten caritas to aid the nurses in developing a trusting relationship with their patients. Watson’s ten carative factors are: (1) humanistic-altruistic system of values, (2) faith and hope, (3) sensitivity to self and others, (4) helping-trusting, human care relationship, (5) expressing positive and negative feelings, (6) creative problem-solving caring process, (7) transpersonal teaching-learning, (8) supportive, protective, and /or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment, (9) human needs assistance, and (10) existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces (Watson, 2007). To further secure our understanding and relationship with the patient we can use our assessment tool analysis to better treat the disease process. Watson encourages nurses to remain caring regardless of the high demands placed on the nurse.
This is crucial today’s society to sustain Care in nursing practice. Assumptions that were derived by this theory included ontology of assumption of oneness, wholeness, unity, relatedness and connectedness. Also, an epistemological assumption that there are multiple ways of knowing and the diversity of knowing assumes various forms of evidence. Watson placed emphasis on three out of the four metaparadym of nursing concepts, that is, human being, health, and nursing. There are ten carative factors included in this theory that is expected to be addressed by nurses with their clients.
Jean Watson is recognized for her theories on human caring and the way nurses give care. Her theories are used to educate nurses on the integration of care and compassion within the discipline and technology of today’s healthcare organizations to better serve patients. Watson believed that human caring is “not just an emotion, concern, attitude, or benevolent desire. Caring is the moral ideal of nursing whereby the end is protection, enhancement, and preservation of human dignity” (George, 2011, p. 29). With this idea in mind, assessment tools are used by the nurse and physician to protect, enhance, and preserve human dignity (George, 2011).
Watson Job-Aid Jean Watson teaches the Caring Theory which embodies single caring moments between the patient and the caregiver. Watson believes that both parties involved in the healing process should make a deep and meaningful connection that transcends the present time and illness. The caring science is a trans-disciplinary area of study that includes not only the physical, but the metaphysical, theological, spiritual and ethical areas involved in creating a new foundation for the future of nursing. The goals of Jean Watson are to restore love and compassion as the ethical foundation of healthcare to provide a peaceful world beyond all understanding. She believes in the relationship between love, caring and peace.
Watson's Theory of Human Caring Sandra Nelson Nursing 403 07 March 2011 Karen Benjamin Watson's Theory of Human Caring This paper will give a brief background description of Jean Watson theory, her concepts, apply theory to nurse/patient interaction, and analyze major theory assumptions related to person, health, nursing, and environment. Watson’s model of caring is powerful in the effective treatment of patients. Watson theory has had a momentous effect in today’s nursing practice and she continues to develop new patterns and contributions to science. Jean Watson was born in West Virginia and moved to Boulder, Colorado, in 1962. She attended the University of Colorado and earned a bachelor of science in nursing and psychology.
Watson Theory of Human Caring Leticia Gonzalez University of Phoenix Theories and Models of Nursing Practice NUR/ 403 Caroline Etland, PhD, RN, CNS, AOCN March 29, 2010 Watson Theory of Human Caring Nursing theory in general is essential for nursing practice. Medicine has its own scientific basis; nursing has its own theories based on evidence-based practice scientific principles as any other science such as biology, sociology, psychology, etc. Nursing theories are practices that according to Nightingale, Watson, Orem, Roy, Rogers, and others nursing theorists, "it may enhance the quality of life of the public we serve" (Alligood, 2006). Nurses must act within the scope of practice with professionalism defending their skills; so that makes nurses to work independently, to be more analytic, to make realistic goals, and adapt solving- problem according to the evolution of society. On this paper it will present Watson Theory and Caring Model, application of nursing theory assumptions related to person, health, nursing, and environment in the context of the caring moment; description of how Watson’s carative factors that are utilized in the transpersonal relationship, and last personal reflection of my personal experiences.
You can also select staff on a basis of caring orientation asking candidates to describe a caring moment that they have experienced. The development and caring competencies serve as a guide to assess and permit staff development and assuring care has had a breakthrough with caring science. Preserving and sustaining human dignity, wholeness, integrity of mind body and spirit will provide a healing environment that will enable self-care, self-knowledge, and self-control, self-healing and potential. She's a global teacher that displays nursing goals assuring the practice of human caring in return for the ethical core values based practices (McGraw, 2002). These practices will extend caring science and knowledge along with development and clinical care persons and caring practice to new professional practice models of authentic caring healing excellence.
Watson’s model can best be described in terms of the nursing metaparadigm. When describing nursing, Watson proclaims that caring is the “moral ideal” (1988, p.54). She explains that contact between two human beings can help the ill discover new knowledge that will assist with recovery and promote harmony. The nurse is involved in a partnership with the patient in the caring process in which the goal is intersubjectivity. Watson explains that because nursing is a human science, there are important moral, spiritual and metaphysical components and we can use our spirits to relate to others (Watson, 1988).
Jean Watson and the Theory of Caring University of Phoenix NUR/403 Jacqueline DePaulis, MS, RN, FNP February 7, 2011 Jean Watson and the Theory of Caring Jean Watson’s theoretical approach to nursing care incorporates spiritual, humanist, and holistic aspects. The Eastern philosophical influence to her work speaks to the ideals of human morality, connectedness of all humans and to altruistic nursing care. This paper will discuss the background and concepts of Watson’s theory, as well as a nurse/patient transpersonal interaction. In the context of this interaction, the theory’s major assumptions and carative factors/caritas will be explored, as well as, a personal reflection on this transpersonal moment. The Background of Watson’s Theory Jean Watson began her career as a diploma nurse, then, graduated with her baccalaureate in nursing science in the early nineteen-sixties; she advanced, to receive her masters in psychiatric nursing within two years.
Watson graduated her bachelor’s of Science in Nursing at the University of Colorado in 1964. She earned her master’s in psychiatric-mental health nursing in 1966, and a doctorate’s in educational psychology and counseling in 1973. Watson joined the teaching profession and became a distinguished Professor in Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Health Science Center. She also served as Dean of Nursing at the University of Colorado Health Science Center and became the president of the National League for Nursing (Nursing Journal). The Caring Theory came about after research in the area of human caring and loss.