Analysis of Peplau's Nursing Theory

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In many professions, nursing especially, one can find rationale for every action. Rationale can be defined as the fundamental reason to account for something (Potter & Perry, 2006). While rationale may be present in many professions the importance of rationale may only be distinctly evident in a certain few. In nursing, rationales are used in everyday practice as nurses interact with patients (Potter & Perry, 2006). The way in which a nurse practices can greatly affect the outcome of the patient (Potter & Perry, 2006). For this reason, nursing practices based on theories and concepts should be researched. The process of using concepts, theories, research and practices to form rationales usually begins with a concept or theory and is cyclic in nature, as each component may lead to the other (see Appendix A). In the nursing profession, several concept-directed theories guide both research and practice. The purpose of this paper is to select and analyze one of the many nursing theories that exist. The focus of the theory and its history will be explored. In addition, the motivational factor behind the development of the theory and the creator’s philosophical beliefs and values will also be discussed. Then, concepts of the selected theory will be compared to the nursing metaparadigm. The nursing theory that will be discussed in this paper is the Interpersonal Relations theory, created by Hildegard E. Peplau. Hildegard E. Peplau is a woman of many credentials (Rust, 2004). Her work, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, has been identified as one of the first published nursing theories (Johnson & Webber, 2005). Before Peplau created Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, she devoted her life to working in private practice and hospital nursing (George, 2002). Peplau was also involved in nursing research, and teaching; this, combined with years of practice in psychiatric

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