Jean Watson's Theory Of Human Becoming

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Comparison and Contrast: Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and Rosemarie Parse’s Theory of Human Becoming Nursing theory, according to Florence Nightingale, helps to describe and explain what nursing is and what it is not. Nursing theory is important because it assists the profession of nursing to develop and understand nursing practice (Parker, 2006). Two nursing theorists, Jean Watson and Rosemarie Parse, share some common themes and perspectives as well as some significant differences in their theories. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast these two theories in order to understand these similarities and differences as well as to examine the similarities of other nursing theories to Watson and Parse’s theories.…show more content…
Humans are viewed as unitary beings - indivisible, unpredictable, and ever changing (Laureate Education, 2005). According to Parse, health is a process of becoming. It is continuously changing. The three major themes of Parse’s theory are meaning, rhythmicity, and co-transcendence. According to Parse, humans construct meanings out of their varied experiences in life. Meanings are representations of the cherished beliefs shaped by reflective and intuitive knowing and expressed as imagined possibilities. Rhythmicity is revealed as patterns are co-created in the human-environment transactions. Co-transcendence is the process of reaching beyond self toward what is not yet (Walker, 1996). Similarities and Differences of Watson and Parse’s Theories Watson and Parse’s theories are grand nursing theories that have drawn from Martha Rogers’ science of unitary human beings in developing their theories. In addition, both theorists have developed their theories out of their own experiences and in response to the poor fit between their experiences and the existing paradigm of nursing at that time (Walker,…show more content…
Several nursing theories focus on quality of life in or as part of their nursing theories – Roger’s, King, Peplau, Leininger, and Parse (Plummer & Molzahn, 2009). Margaret Newman, Rosemarie Parse, and Jean Watson’s theories all deal with the concept of transcendence. Rogers’, Newman, Watson, and Parse’s theories share common themes and perspectives related to their philosophical views in the development of their theories (Sarter, 1988). Watson’s Theory of Human Caring and Boykin & Schoenhofer’s Theory of Nursing as Caring both view nursing as a discipline and a profession. Both theories view caring as an experience lived moment to moment. There is intentionality required in both theories, with a non-judgmental acceptance of the one being cared for. In addition, both theories view the individual being nursed as whole and complete (Boykin & Schoenhofer, 2006; Watson, 2006).

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