Another reason feudalism lost power was the mercenaries that fought for the English king. After the first of the many treaties during the war was signed in 1360 by France, the English king did not want to release his unruly soldiers on his own land. Instead, they were loosed on France where they were free to loot and pillage as they pleased. Castles that belonged to lords took a beating as the mercenaries took them over and then sold them back to the lords for a large price. New weaponry made in the war made the king stronger against nobles.
Austria had no success and much expense during this time. After Joseph II passed away his brother Leopold II took over. Although Leopold had more potential, the French Revolution came around and as he had a sister who was a Queen in France he was dragged into this and eventually also died. Promptly after Leopold II died,the French declared war on Austria and on his inexperienced son Francis II. Eventually Austria experienced many losses and was pushed back into their one area while most of the other places they ruled over were taken from them.
At the Battle of Mons, the advancing Germans believed that they were under fire from British machine guns. In fact, it was the well drilled infantry of the BEF using their standard issue Lee Enfield. A good infantryman would expect to shoot off about twelve well-aimed bullets in a minute. These two examples of weaponry use is significant as it shows how the Crimean war was a turning point to land warfare, both of the wars are similar in that they both use rifles, however as time went on the weapons had been improved. However since the Crimean war rifles have been used in many wars, and been chosen over the use of muskets.
Because of Napoleon’s selfishness when conquering other countries he is considered a tyrant. Even though Napoleon was a tyrant, he still had many accomplishments to help benefit France. Napoleon ended the French revolution, therefore ending many of the country’s problems. Before Napoleon, there was constant violence, acts for revolution, and economic instability. Napoleon overthrew the Directory in a coup d’etat in 1799 and was the beginning of the Napoleonic Era.
Henry had a very aggressive policy on France throughout his rein until he eventually decided on trying to become the peacemaker of Europe. Henry wanted to regain the lost territory in northern France so he could be seen as a Great War lord with visions of honour and glory but also to challenge Henry V’s title of the last great English warrior. The first sign of this aim being put into place is the first French war from 1512-1514. However the first expedition on June 1512 was a disastrous failure as Ferdinand of Aragon didn’t hold up his end of the deal for an allied invasion. This shows Henrys naivety in foreign policy and the other European powers were using him to benefit themselves whilst sending him to his downfall.
How did Normans succeed in conquering England between 1066-1087? 1066 was a turning point in English history. It all fuelled off when William, Duke of Normandy invaded England and won the decisive battle at Hastings. From then on, the old England was destroyed, the nobles either killed in battle or disposed and exiled to be replaced by Norman landowners. Norman England was characterised by the Feudal system and the building of castles.
I personally think that Henry failed in his foreign policy because he didn’t end up gaining a full grasp on France, this was the main precedence. The initial aim was to capture more land, gaining more land meaning capturing France and knowing Henry’s ambitious mindset, he most probably had his whole mind set on creating an empire and France was a good place to start. Had Henry been what he said he was ‘a warrior king’ he wouldn’t have been used as a toy twice throughout this unsuccessful foreign policy. Charles took advantage of Henry. At the Battle of Pavia, the French were defeated and Francis along with his strongest supporters were held captive.
In addition, the wars only ended when a strong King returned to the Throne; Henry IV after the ninth war. Until 1559, France’s Monarchs, such as Francis I, Henry II and Louis XII, portrayed themselves as ‘fathers of the people’, and were used to getting their own way. They were not young and weak when coming to the throne, but were already well established Dauphins. These men were used to getting their own way; for example, the Bourbon rebellion was crushed easily by Henry II, and when the Parlement of Paris rejected the Concordat of Bologna in 1516, Francis I threatened them and in the end forced it through. However, the dominating nature of these kings, while keeping the country in order, did lay the foundations for war later on in the century.
How long did the Hundred Years War last? The answer is actually a surprising 116 years. The Hundred Years war is the name given to the series of on and off warfare fought between the kings of England and France, from 1337 to 1453. The war consisted of sieges, raids, sea and land battles, and long periods truce ("Hundred Years War", 222). The war shaped the way the time period ended and the way western Europe looks today.
Henry also wanted England to be a major power in international affairs. One of his aims in foreign policy was to capture France just like Henry V did. Henry had been waiting for the best opportunity for him to go to France and capture and then it came. Spain and the Papal states also wanted to attack France so they formed the Holy League. In the first French war of 1512, everything was a fail, England had started their attack to find that the Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian had deserted him.