Henry VIII’s foreign policy between the years of 1509 – 1529 revolved around his fantasy of becoming a famous “warrior King.” His main aim was to conquer France, as he believed that the French crown was rightfully his, he was not however successful in this aim, despite capturing obscure towns in France such as Tournai. Henry went through three phases of foreign policy during these years: Initial aggression in his first French war between ending in 1514, the following a rather unsuccessful French campaign, entered a stage of diplomacy where he attempted to gain allies and achieve European peace through the treaty of London, 1518. But it can be argued that little success came from this period either with very few significant agreements made in the Treaty of London or the Field of the Cloth of gold except for minor prestige for Henry and England, but at huge costs. As well as this, any hopes of finally conquering France in Henry’s second aggressive phase were crushed due to financial and political obstacles. Henry was aware that the current French king, Louis XII was dying and wished to avoid war at all costs, as he would not be able to guide his country in his old, weak age, Henry realised that this was the ideal situation in which for him to launch an attack, he also had the support of the nobility, who were raring to have a fight.
source 2 is different to sources 1 and 3 as it backs up the idea that Scotland was a threat to henry’s ambitions. it shows that England was able to deal with this threat effectively in source 1 we learn that henry was unable to raise a head tax in the northern counties in 1513, and that he did not deal with the counties to pay as of fear of rebellion. not only would the failure to raise money jeopardise henry’s aims and ambitions in France, his ability to wage war in France was also threatened by the prospect that James VI might take advantage of the rebellion in the north to invade, therefore henry had to “strive” to keep his subjects loyal, “supisious” says Vergil of James’s intentions. Vergil writes about the instability of henry’s rule in the north and the strength of the Scottish
This was a huge problem for Henry, as he needed the Pope to grant his annulment, but him being away, and Charles in charge, meant that it was impossible for him to gain anything. With Charles being the nephew of Catherine, it clearly showed that Henry faced a difficult time of getting an annulment. In Source K, it further supports this arguments, as it states in the source, ‘I have quite made up my mind to become an imperialist and live and die as such’. This quote, evidently shows that Henry would have a hard time convincing the Pope to grant him an
This was true in this war also and they were on both sides of the battle lines. Here in colonies we had Betsy Ross who made the very first American Flag. Kindig (1995) Benedict Arnold is known for being a traitor but he was also a very skilled commander and won major battle for the Americans before having a change of heart. Once that happened he had to escape to England or be hung to death. Benjamin Franklin was known for many things during his life, but he was the one responsible for securing the help of the French during the revolution.
The statement "America was conquered in Germany" means that whichever country would prove to be the most powerful in Europe would boost the rights to America since allegedly no troops where worthy enough to send them to America. Braddock’s Blundering and its Aftermath Know: Edward Braddock 6. What setbacks did the British suffer in the early years of the French and Indian War? The setbacks the British suffered early in the early years of the French Indian war due to old bullheaded General Braddock, a slow moving army due to carrying heavy artillery throughout the expidition, and a series of losses in Canada alse by George Washington. Pitt’s Palms of
Although Henryâ€™s wife, Catherine of Aragon did in fact give birth to some children between the years 1509 to 1514 none lived past the age of one. Although Henry did eventually get his Heir to crown it didnâ€™t happen tillâ€™ Edward VI in 1537. This means that Henryâ€™s biggest and most important aim was technically a failure during the early years of his reign. Another important goal that Henry VIII wanted to achieve in the early years of his Reign was to bring Honour and Glory to England and for him to be known as a true English warrior to the rest of Europe. Henry did somewhat achieve this goal with his wars with France and Scotland.
The war against France from 1512-14 was a perfect chance for him to show his skills with foreign policy. England formed an alliance with the Pope, Ferdinand V of Spain and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor against Louis XII of France. The first campaign was not a success, however Wolsey learned from his mistakes and in 1513 he launched a joint attack with papal support on France and successfully captured two French cities and caused the French to retreat. Wolsey was able to supply the troops during the war which led them to success. In 1514 he also negotiated the Anglo-French treaty which created temporary peace between the two countries and let Louis XII marry Mary, Henrys younger sister.
Therefore when evaluating the reforms Wolsey managed to implement or fall back on in this particular case, it is important to judge by the standards of sixteenth century citizens rather than our own. One of the most important reasons for Wolsey’s lack of success was his pride and inability to forget past matters, in turn leading him to target influential people that could easily overpower his reforms, such as his battles against enclosure. A particular example of this is his feud with Amyas Paulet. Several years before assuming power, Paulet had placed Wolsey in the stocks after creating a riot. Once Wolsey had gained position as Lord Chancellor, Wolsey forced Amyas Paulet to wait in daily attendance in Wolsey’s court for five years and if failing to do so, would have all his property confiscated.
The mistake that Madison made was going to war with Great Britain. They were worried because they believed that Americas “peace, prosperity and happiness… are in Great jeopardy… the general government have determined to make war on Great Britain” (I). There are many reasons that he should have not gone to war with Britain such as there is not enough troops to fight a good battle, this will only hurt our economy and bring us more into debt, and since we are always fighting Britain about something was this a real reason for a war? The first reason Madison should not have gone to war with Great Britain is this. There are not enough troops in America to successfully produce a war.
To what extent was Charles I responsible for the failure to reach a negotiated settlement 1646-1649? It can be argued that to a large extent that Charles’ behaviour was responsible for his execution in the beginning of 1649. Losing both civil wars, escaping from the New Model Army and secret letters to his wife claiming that he will delay negotiations for as long as possible suggests reasons why he was executed. However, Parliament and the New Model Army were also factors which were responsible for the failure to reach a negotiated settlement as Parliament were divided and because the New Model Army were highly influenced from the Levellers. The King being the most important figure in England assumed he had all authority within England as he firmly believed in the ‘Divine Rights of Kings’ which is the belief that God has given the King his authority and so the King lives through God’s ‘legacy’.