Eventually Western styles spread to Japan, but they did not adapt fully or completely change their culture. New western ideas fused with ancient Japanese traditions. The Meiji Restoration was a system of reforms that dramatically changed Japanese political and social makeup. The various features of the reforms simulated western style politics and innovations. The reforms accelerated Japanese industrialization, a process started by the Europeans.
China was completely contrary from Central Africa on economic, political, and cultural bases during the 1500-1800. From 1000-1500 China led the world in economic development and there after experiencing the trauma of rule by the Yuan Dynasty, China adopted policies that favoured Chinese political and cultural tradition. On the other hand, the kingdoms of central Africa had initiated commercial relations with Portuguese merchants and diplomatic relations with Portuguese monarchy. Portuguese traded for slaves and slave trade undetermined the authority of the King. The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts.
Although both Han China and Imperial Rome had a centralized imperial government with an administrative bureaucracy, Han China implemented Confucian ideas and teachings into their administration, while Imperial Rome administered mainly with force. Han China and Imperial Rome were both large empires, so to maintain efficient rule over its people, they had a centralized imperial government. To further maintain efficient rule, they imposed an administrative bureaucracy. While both the Roman and the Han Empire had a bureaucracy, the Han’s bureaucracy was far more influential and active in society than that of the Romans. Emperors of both Imperial Rome and Han China gave local leaders the power to rule their distant lands.
Eventually, nationalistic movements in these countries rose up in an attempt to get rid of foreign influence and gain independence. China was considered to be within the sphere of British influence. Britain never completely controlled the Chinese government, but did influence political and economic affairs greatly. British control began to withdraw from China at the end of the 19th century, and many nationalistic movements began to arise. In 1911, the Revolutionary Alliance, led by Sun Yixian, overthrew the last Qing emperor.
When conquering China, the Mongols kicked the bureaucratic elite to the curb, hired new foreign rulers, and eliminated the civil service examinations. On the contrary, the Mongols in Russia weren’t as strict and direct. While Chinese traditions were eliminated, Russian princes were allowed to rule and a whole new dual system of regional administration was set up. Another contrast is centers of power for each state. In China, the main center of commerce was modern day Beijing.
Throughout the 19th century, American relations with China were restricted to a small but profitable trade a. The British, in competition with France, Germany, and Russia, took advantage of the crumbling Manchu dynasty to force treaties on China, creating “treaty ports” and granting exclusive trading privileges in various parts of the country. b. American attitudes toward the Chinese people reflected this confusion of motives. 2. The annexation of Hawaii and Philippines in 1898 and 1899 convinced Secretary of State Hay that the US should have announced a China policy.
Romulus Augustus was the last Emperor before the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, while in China, Emperor Xian was the ruler at the time of the collapse. The different dates of collapses shows us today that the Romans had a more clear line of success that the Chinese did. The Chinese were destroyed by a warlord, while the Romans were collapsed by enemy invasions. This is an important contrasting historical fact because it shows the Romans economy/political wall was stronger and more well sub-stained than the Chinese’s Han Dynasty. These Empires are similar in that they both had some sort of political corruptions.
I believe it is very significant to the country’s history because it shows the reader how much of a problem the US has had with immigration since the 1800’s! The fact that the Chinese were “unlike” the US citizens in some ways did NOT give the government the right to completely revoke all immigration from
The British treated Americans indifferently when they were actually the same country. Although the economy and diplomatic relations were significantly changed, the most important factor contributing was the political system. The colonies were not allowed to let their own economy flourish. The British set laws such as the Navigation Acts and rejected Mercantilism to restrict the American economy and help the
This type of exercise can have one of two outcomes, one the village people will get a taste of voting and democracy and will demand more of political control and influence. The other outcome will be that people are satisfied and feel that there is no need for change as mentioned above. The one political party in China roughly consist of 60 million members. The US government was established in 1787 when the constitutional convention voted for George Washington for president after defeating the British. Although the US has exercised democracy longer than the Chinese have practiced socialism, they are one of the oldest civilizations in history.