Imperialism of China

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1. How did Western imperialism affect China from 1750 to 1850? If we were to look at the interaction between the Chinese and the Westerner nations from 1750 to 1850 we would see a clear shift in power from Asia to Europe due to differences in technology and mindset. It changed China’s position in the world from a leading civilization to a war torn nation. This is clearly observed through imperialism, which was the extension of control over people and territories, by forced submission through military superiority. As a result China was forced into an unequal relationship whereby they were forced to accept treaties, which reduced their sphere of influence and sovereignty. However it also resulted in the embracing of modern technology and revolutions that led China to become the nation it is today. In the first 50 years of from 1750 to 1800, western imperialism had little effect on China due to military and economic strength. During this period China was under the rein of Qian Long and was still considered the “Middle Kingdom”. This is observed through its tributary practice still being observed with countries around its sphere of influence such as Korea and japan still paying tributes in the form of luxurious gifts and taxes to China. Similarly this was observered by the westerners who too visited China such as Dutch ambassador Issac Titsingh who along with his mission (1794 – 1795) who kowtowed to the imperial court of Qian Long. Furthermore China was able to refuse Western demands for greater rein for trade and had the ability to dictate terms such that Western nations such as Britain, Germany and France were only able to trade in Canton with the 13 hongs and confined their movement at Aomen. Hence they did little to weaken China’s influence. However with the turn of the century, western imperialism had started to take shape and it resulted in China
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