These Chinese explorations were really helpful, but also really expensive because of the large timber ships that they built. The government put a policy shift against voyages, and put a greater focus on domestic matters. The Members of the Ming Court advocated a greater focus on domestic and continental matters, emphasizing agricultural production, internal stability, a military buildup and colonization at the edges of the Central Asian steppe, and refurbishment of the Great Wall, designed to repel invaders (DOC 3, 4). Even though China had earlier technological innovations than Europe did (DOC 2) Europe still succeeded because China was governed by ignorant
DBQ: Patterns of Trade from 1000-1450 Between the years 1000 and 1450, trade networks throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia were established and thriving. European and Muslim influence was working its way into Africa and China via the world trade network. Of course, these contacts from trade left cultural consequences in the areas they assimilated in to. The documents allude to Muslims having a greater influence and cultural impression on their contacts than the Europeans did on theirs, who emphasized religious conversion and admiring the goods and cultures that interested them. An additional document from the perspective of an African or Asian merchant would be useful, as the documents given only showed perceptions from Europeans or Muslims.
Although the European sent a steady supply of ships to trade with China, how did the Chinese respond to Western trade? P.518 They did not like them, and banned the Portuguese. 11. How were the Portuguese, the first Europeans to arrive in East Asia, received by the Chinese? P.518 They were banished.
It’s said that the first crusade created Latin states on the holy land. Looking at my research I honestly feel as if the Crusades had a good impact on European economy. The population seemed to decrease because of the wars and diseases, but the wealth of the people and the church increased. Although the trading of Egypt and Pisa were destroyed due to war the merchant cities still benefited from the trading rights in the Latin East. As I read deeper into different websites I began to notice they all were saying the taxes in the crusades went back to the church but as I read into my research I learned the crusaders were taxed only to finance their new way of living but that doesn't mean the economy went bad; it actually blossomed from the
Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380 ce. Christians in the Roman Empire held important political and military positions and imperial sponsorship in Christianity attracted many people to Christianity. Eventually many religions faded away and was discouraged in the Roman Empire because of the Christian missionaries that traveled throughout the Roman Empire. The spread of Christianity not only occurred in the Roman Empire but also in Germanic tribes due to Christian missionaries. The Christian lifestyles in the Roman Empire is different from the religiously tolerant Classical Roman Empire.
With the Edict of Milan many people within Rome began to openly practice their religion, Christianity, and this gave them something in common with distant others which may or may not have helped with the increase of trade. This however would be changed by the crusades. The crusades possibly affected the trade networks by making merchants convert to Christianity or fear for their lives while on a trip to Eurasia. This would mean fewer merchants selling items, increasing the demand in turn making things
It can be assumed, however, that Christianity would have continued to flourish in the Middle East and Asia if the Mongols who had invaded in the 12th century had not thoroughly converted to Islam by the 13th. Being more inclined to dominate rather than coexist, the Mongols had at first they set out to destroy any hint of Islam in the area. However, after their conversion, these Muslim Mongols became determined to bring about the destruction of the Christian population that had been vitally influential to the Asian and Muslim cultures for so many centuries. Small, rural populations of Christians would survive in China until the Ming Dynasty began in 1368 and the regime set out on a campaign to return China to its traditional beliefs and
Their purpose was to learn, live, and worship. At the time, they had little interest in expansion, due to their thriving central capital of Tenochtitlan where Moctezuma II, supreme leader or known to the Aztecs as the tlatoani, resided and ruled over the Aztec people. At the time of Moctezuma II’s reign, Spain was making arrangements to set out overseas in search of territory for empirical expansion and resources, especially gold and silver, because the spanish could use those materials to trade with the Chinese dynasties who were far more advanced. On February 10, 1519, Spain’s emporor, Diego Velazquez, sent spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes` and an army of 508 men to Mexico. A few months later, they arrived in Mexico and began to march inland.
Throughout the 19th century, American relations with China were restricted to a small but profitable trade a. The British, in competition with France, Germany, and Russia, took advantage of the crumbling Manchu dynasty to force treaties on China, creating “treaty ports” and granting exclusive trading privileges in various parts of the country. b. American attitudes toward the Chinese people reflected this confusion of motives. 2. The annexation of Hawaii and Philippines in 1898 and 1899 convinced Secretary of State Hay that the US should have announced a China policy.
Islam and Christianity Sub-Saharan Africa North Africa was the epicenter for the spread of Christianity and Islam on the African continent. The people of North Africa, by force, free will, or trade networks, came to accept and disseminate each religion to the masses. Although Christianity and Islam spread equally through Egypt, Nubia, and to the Western areas around Numidia, it is apparent that Islam had a far greater and lasting impact than Christianity. Christianity came to North Africa by way of missionaries to Egypt early in the first century. It is believed that these Christian missionaries came to Alexandria to spread the gospel among the Jewish community.