Compare and Contrast Mongol Rule in China vs. Russia Essay

509 WordsJan 13, 20133 Pages
Mongol Rule in China vs. Russia Due to the Mongols ultimate desire for economic power, the Mongols highly affected both Russia and China in both political and economic aspects. When the Mongols invaded both territories, they destroyed a lot and the key differences and similarities come from how it became reconstructed. Many similarities in politics and economics arose such as the way the facilitated trade, and how their economies dropped. However, many differences occurred like the way they ran the governments, their centers of power, and how the Mongols fell from both states. In many ways, both states were extremely similar in the way Mongols ruled them. For instance, both empires made great use of the Silk Road. The “Pax Mongolica” refers to the peace under Mongol rule and the commerce through the routes as religions, ideas, and technologies were spread. However with this increase in trade, both states suffered from a drop in their economies. The Mongols mainly focused on collecting taxes, and when they conquered the areas, they destroyed a lot of farmland in each. Little pay made its way to the farmers and inflation arose when paper money started to be distributed. With the many similarities the two empires held, a lot of differences occurred through the empire’s run. As for the most prominent reason, it was evident that their governments were run completely different. When conquering China, the Mongols kicked the bureaucratic elite to the curb, hired new foreign rulers, and eliminated the civil service examinations. On the contrary, the Mongols in Russia weren’t as strict and direct. While Chinese traditions were eliminated, Russian princes were allowed to rule and a whole new dual system of regional administration was set up. Another contrast is centers of power for each state. In China, the main center of commerce was modern day Beijing.
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