Core Theories When Using Counselling Skills

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Page 1 of 1 Student: Page 10 of Candidate Learning Log 4.1 and 4.2 Unit 02: Be able to apply core theories in the use of counselling skills 4.1 Demonstrate how to apply core theories when using counselling skills Theories are an essential part of learning to be a counsellor, in this report I will name the core theories I have learnt so far when using counselling skills. Core counselling skills include non-verbal communication, where the counsellor observes the client by way of body language and facial expressions, these gestures can be key in understanding what the client is presenting, we can never feel what the client feels or think what the client thinks, this belongs to the client, we can only explore with them to…show more content…
This is the ability to be you without pretence or façade. This is also called genuineness; it is the most important attribute in counselling according to Rogers, in this the counsellor is keen to allow the client to experience them as they really are, the therapist being authentic. Unconditional Positive Regard: (UPR) this is a non-judgemental, Respecting and accepting the other person as they are, Rogers believed that for people to grow and fulfil their potential it is important that they are valued as themselves. The counsellor has a genuine regard for the client, they may not approve of some of the client’s actions, but the therapist does approve of the client. The therapist needs an attitude of “I’ll accept you as you are.” The therapist must always maintain a positive attitude to the client at all times. Empathy: The ability to understand the other person at a deep level. It involves being able to put yourself in the other person’s position, and understanding them in their own terms, having the ability to understand sensitively and accurately but not…show more content…
This is to say that the environmental factors that led to the internalisation of conditions of worth and the development of an external evaluation can be corrected for by the client’s immersion in a more constructive environment. The absence of threat in this environment, together with the experiences of being understood empathically by a congruent counsellor who holds an attitude of unconditional positive regard, enables a client to allow more experience into awareness without the associated distortion and denial of internalised conditions of

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