This is the ability to be you without pretence or façade. This is also called genuineness; it is the most important attribute in counselling according to Rogers, in this the counsellor is keen to allow the client to experience them as they really are, the therapist being authentic. Unconditional Positive Regard: (UPR) this is a non-judgemental, Respecting and accepting the other person as they are, Rogers believed that for people to grow and fulfil their potential it is important that they are valued as themselves. The counsellor has a genuine regard for the client, they may not approve of some of the client’s actions, but the therapist does approve of the client. The therapist needs an attitude of “I’ll accept you as you are.” The therapist must always maintain a positive attitude to the client at all times.
Change takes one's own initiative, and ideally, support from those around you. I believe in the three major premises of Person-Centered therapy - congruence, empathy and unconditional positive regard. I believe that for therapy to be successful, the therapist must be genuine and sincere with the client and be empathic of his/her feelings as well. Also, the counselor should always treat the client
The client lead the session and the counselor does not give them any advice directly. Rather, he or she tries to restate and validate what the client is saying allowing them to reach their own answers. Carl Rogers thinks that this in the moment style is very effective
The six core conditions are: * Therapist-client psychological contact * Client vulnerability * Client perception * Unconditional positive regard * Empathic understanding * Therapeutic Congruence or Genuineness With Unconditional positive regard, the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and is non-judgemental. The client is then free to explore all their feelings and emotions without the fear of being judged or rejected. Empathic understanding refers to the counsellors accurately understanding the thoughts, feelings and meanings the clients has and be able to perceive their world as they perceive it. Congruence is the therapist being genuine and authentic towards the client . The therapist is open and transparent to the client.
Respecting the right for the client to be self governing - Autonomous. Ref: “Ethical Framework for Good Practice in Counselling & Psychotherapy” It’s not as easy as it sounds since the therapeutic relationship over time can become quite intimate. “Non-maleficence - a commitment to avoiding harm to the client.” “Ethical Framework for Good Practice in Counselling and
Any gifts or bartering, fees, or any tips, etc., should be mapped out and discussed. Both the AACC organization and ACA organization value the emphasis of doing no harm to the client (AACC, 2004, p. 3 section 1-110). The ACA differs from the AACC in that it discusses issues related to bartering and gifts. The following statement is from the ACA code of ethics: "Counselors may barter only if the relationship is not exploitive or harmful and does not place the counselor in an unfair advantage" (ACA, 2005). Therefore, counselors are allowed to bartering except that which is harmful or exhibits an unfair
Also the service provider is needed to have empathy and know how to sympathise with the client. Also the counsellor must engage a healthy relationship with the client and enable the client to trust the counsellor and be able to talk openly without and judgments being
The therapist shows authentic expression (or congruence) to his or her client and does not maintain a “blank slate” expression. Rogers also believed in the importance of empathy toward the client and showing and having genuine concern for the client (unconditional positive regard). The therapist does not need to approve of his or her clients actions, but it was important, according to Rogers, that clients not feel judged (Rogers, p.
The counsellors act in a non-judgemental, non-directive manner, displaying warmth, empathy and unconditional personal regard towards the service users. These humanistic approaches are central to the development of the therapeutic or caring relationship and define qualities necessitated by those who seed to work in a holistic and person-centred way. (American Psychological Association, 2012) The Cognitive Perspective and Health Care Practice Cognitive behaviour therapy is based on the idea that feelings and behaviours are caused by an individual's thoughts, not an exterior stimuli for instance, individuals, situations and events. Individuals may not be able to alter their circumstances, but they can alter how they think about them and consequently alter how they feel and behave, according to cognitive-behaviour therapists. (About.com, 2012) In the treatment for alcohol and drug dependence, the goal of cognitive behavioural therapy is to teach the individual to recognise situations in which they are most likely to consume alcohol or use drugs, avoid these circumstances if possible, and cope with additional problems and behaviours which may result in their substance abuse.
(Rogers, 1961). From this we can infer that trust is key in developing a healthy and successful therapeutic relationship. Trust leads to genuineness and realness in the counselling session where both therapist and client can be themselves and express their feelings and experiences without fear of judgement. If trust is the foundation that the counselling relationship is built on, then the core conditions of PCT will be present,