K/601/7629 4 Understand the importance of supervision in counseling. 4.1 Explain why both casework and managerial supervision are important for a trainee and a qualified counselor Supervision is important for both trainee and fully qualified counselor for many reasons which can be covered broadly as educative and formative.This means learning and developing the skills required to become an effective counselor and being able to recognise and understand the capabilities of trainee or supervisor by exploration and reflection on work with clients.The supervisor can be effective when supporting and challenging the student in their work with clients,to look at the students awareness of themselves and of their own responses and reactions with clients as well as other variables such as power sharing which can all affect the process. Another important factor is the supportive or restorative purpose of supervision. One simple way to described this is how both student and qualified counselor react and work when issues come up by way of transference.For instance wanting to rescue a client who discuses hugely distressing emotional issues that may resonate due to shared experiences. A further element is the managerial or normative aspect of supervision and this could explained to some extent as maintaining standards.An awareness of the need to keep up with CPD, personal blind spots and prejudices that affect the the way how both trainee and counselor look at themselves which in turn influence how they see others and the way how they work, so the requirement to contiunaly learn about oneself increases knowledge and understanding which is vitaly important for personal development and growth that will enevitbly enhance thier work with clients.
As a successful professional counselling relationship develops and progresses, according to Pete Sanders the client and counsellor work through “three different stages”. This could be described as beginnings, middles and endings. In the beginning the counsellor shows acceptance, genuineness and empathy when exploring the issues while also building trust and establishing the relationship. In order to do this the counsellor must respond accurately. Observing and sensing what the speaker is feeling then reflecting and summarising back; in order to clarify understanding; but to also reassure the speaker they have the counsellor’s full attention.
Service users are more likely to confide in carers which they trust and therefore will help to build their working professional relationship. Aiii Identify three ways of finding out the communication and language needs of an individual. For each method, describe how effective it is at establishing the needs of the individual. Asking the individual - this would enable me to identify if the individual is hard of hearing and also if they understand the language in which I am asking. This is probably the best way of establishing their communication needs as I will be able to gain an immediate understanding.
This is the ability to be you without pretence or façade. This is also called genuineness; it is the most important attribute in counselling according to Rogers, in this the counsellor is keen to allow the client to experience them as they really are, the therapist being authentic. Unconditional Positive Regard: (UPR) this is a non-judgemental, Respecting and accepting the other person as they are, Rogers believed that for people to grow and fulfil their potential it is important that they are valued as themselves. The counsellor has a genuine regard for the client, they may not approve of some of the client’s actions, but the therapist does approve of the client. The therapist needs an attitude of “I’ll accept you as you are.” The therapist must always maintain a positive attitude to the client at all times.
Identify the key features of one recognised ethical framework for good practice in counselling? One of the key features of one recognised ethical framework for good practice in counselling are the ethical principles of counselling and psychotherapy, these direct attention to important ethical responsibilities of the counsellor. These are made up of the following ethical principles: Being trustworthy Honouring the trust placed in the practitioner, this is also known as fidelity. Ensuring the clients expectations are ones that have reasonable prospects of being met. Autonomy Respecting the client’s right to be self governing.
Communication with our clients is the most important part of our jobs as it will give clients the confidence to do what they want to do as they will have developed a bond of trust as they know that you are committed to helping them. Outcome 2 – Understand how to meet the communication and language needs, wishes and preferences of an individual 2.1 – There are two main ways with which we communicate, verbal and non-verbal. Our first method of establishing communication is using non-verbal communication, we use eye contact to make the person aware of us or tapping someone on the shoulder if they are unable to see you and then speak their name so that they know that it is to them we are speaking to. Body language or non-verbal communication is how we show a great majority of the information with which we are giving out. Verbal communication is the information which we are intending to give out.
They say that “good standards of practice and care require professional competence, good relationships with the clients and colleague, and commitment”. As an ethical therapist I would offer a free initial consultation because it would show my commitment to the client through me devoting my time to them, to talk and get to know them, hopefully I will be able to build confidence and show the client that I am a competent therapist, all of this should start to build a relationship and rapport with the client, also the initial consultation gives both the client and the therapist a chance to decide whether you can work together. The flaw in offering an Initial Consultation is that you could get time wasters, also people might not show up for the appointment. When you first meet your client it
For this reason, I believe it is essential to respect and allow clients the right to choose and make their own decisions. In my view, being empathic is a key component to building rapport with the client. It is of great importance to be able to really understand and feel what the client is experiencing from his/her subjective world. This kind of understanding ensures that the client is being understood and his/her experience is acknowledged, and the counsellor is staying within the client’s internal frame of reference. I believe being non-judgmental and accepting is perhaps the most important part of the counselling process, because in my opinion, these principles promote self-worth and self-esteem which are all an essential part of a client’s personal
Being a genuine helper also involves honesty and forthrightness. Empathy – being the ability to accurately experience the internal frame of reference of others while remaining objective. An empathetic listener will try to get inside the clients thoughts and feelings. Empathy can also be described as the effort to hear another person deeply, accurately and non-judgmentally. Empathy can be difficult to achieve as we all have a tendency to advise or disagree from our own point of view.
“I am human and let nothing human be alien to me.” (Yalom, 2002, p 21). This quote embodies the meaning of empathy for me. Empathy is so much more than just understanding what the other person is feeling. In order to be truly empathetic, the counsellor needs to be aware of the ‘little’ nuances that the client brings to the counselling session – their body language, tone, method of communication and voice inflections, all contribute to listening and understanding with empathy. Tolan describes empathy as exploring another person’s inner world and understanding or having insight into their unspoken feelings and emotions.