Ancient Greece stressed Realism. Ancient Rome’s contributions helped the Western Society today. The Civil Service System was reforms that Caesar created. Some of the reforms are that jobs were created, land was given to the poor, citizenship was given to more people, the government was changed, a new calendar created and the Public Works Program. Even though Ancient Rome adapted to Ancient Greece laws and rules, Ancient Rome wrote in Latin to create their own literature.
Both civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome established very well-ordered political practices that significantly influenced the way later governments, such as the ones in Europe and the United States, were organized. The structure of political parties, the formation of divisions within the government, and even politically used words like democracy, monarchy and tyranny all stem from the Romans and Greeks. Even though the Romans adopted several of their political principles from Greece, the number of dissimilarities between the two civilizations were vast. The Greeks and Romans both had political structures that mirrored those of a city-state. Although conversely, the very dissimilar landscape between the two swayed their political growth.
A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because they lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. The political power of Athens is based on economic power. Democracy is based on middle class economic power. In slow evolution towards democracy, as their trade increased, Athenian craftsmen and merchants had enough money to purchase their own weapons.
The major difference being that Athens council of five hundred men were chosen by lottery. Regardless of Athenians reputation of being highly educated, they very well could have been a few Athenians who were not quite suited for the job because of their lack of education. Sparta’s council was composed of the two kings, and 28 citizens over the age of 60. They did not debate, unlike Athens, but with having less people on their council and assembly, they had a more uncomplicated and less confusing way of running their government. Sparta certainly did not give its citizens as much freedom as Athenian government but the fact that they had less people in not only their city, but on their council and assembly, made it an easier and more effective way to run their government in a smaller amount of time.
Compare and Contrast: Greece and Rome Throughout history many civilizations have had successful attempts at unique culture and society. Greece and Rome included, they have differences, yet many similarities. The geographic, political, cultural, and economic aspects of both of these societies are comparable yet unique. Furthermore, global interaction has influenced both Roman and Greek societies. The geography of these two societies was a large influence.
To be a male citizen you had to have citizen parents, be free-born and be over 18 years old. The social classes applied to men only, as women all took their social and legal status from their husband or their male partner. Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries in the Polis. After a compulsory service in the war there were obligatory duties, such as service on juries as councillors and officials. This brought the people dependant on the state their income.
HIS103: World Civilizations Instructor Stuart Collins December 5, 2011 In the Mediterranean society there are two societies that we associate with, they are the Greek society and the Roman society. Many people believe that these two societies are the same when in fact they are different in more ways than they are alike. Roman society was greatly impacted by the Greek society; taking from them their governing methods, religions and architectural skills elaborating on them and incorporating them into their society. Through all the differences and similarities, the western world has been greatly influenced by both of these societies and without their influences things, in today’s world, may not be the same. The Greeks and Romans were two strong societies that brought great things to the Mediterranean.
With her marring a Roman (Julius Caesar), she regained power over Egypt after they both had fallen previously to her brother/husband Ptolemy XIII. With combining Egypt and the Roman Empire together, this showed people that Cleopatra was using Julius to regain her throne only, not because she loved him. Here this too also demonstrated how she used to use herself with men to get her way to help her
Legal status marked fundamental boundaries in the life of a Roman man or woman such as whether a person was a senator or a slave, and arguably it was at these extremes that legal status mattered the most to the Roman people (Hope). The social structure of ancient Rome was based on heredity, property, wealth, citizenship and freedom (Donegan). The Romans used clothing to show the separation of the classes. Admission into a class usually depended on birth, but unlike other civilizations of its time, the Roman class structure did allow for some movement from one class to another (Pagán 32). Slaves could be moved into higher classes and senators could be moved into lower classes.
In Talcott Parsons functionalist model of the family there is a clear division of labour between the two spouse, ‘Instrumental’ and ‘Expressive’ roles.. Talcott Parsons states that the husband has an instrumental role, geared towards achieving success at work so that he can provide for the family financial, he is the breadwinner. The wife however has an expressive role, geared towards primary socialisation of the children and meeting the family’s emotional needs. The wife is seen as the homemaker, full time housewife rather than a wage earner. Although some politicians and the New right share this view with Talcott Parsons, others have criticised Parsons for e.g. Michael Young and Peter Wilmott (1962) who argue that men are now taking a greater share of domestic tasks and more wives are becoming wage earners.