Athens was in crisis. In order to resolve these problems they announced a new leader, Solon of Athens. He was a great Athenian statesman, lawyer and poet. Throughout his reign, he succeeded in political and economical reforms. Compared to other powerful leaders, Lycurgus of Sparta and Pericles of Athens, Solon was the mediator for Athens.
Athens decided to worry more about culture. The Spartans Goverment had A War Like Attitude and best met the needs of ancient Greece. The Athen democratic government, gave the citizens in Greece more freedom. Only Some of the total population of Athens actually had voting rights and all of these citizens were upper class men who were over thirty years old. Women were given
Also, the Spartans were rich because owning property and passing money down their families made for future generations to have money  the government of the Spartans was of an oligarchical rule. This meant that only few ruled; which meant either the rich or kings ruled. All free men could vote in their assembly on many issues. This resembled a demokratia. The poor could vote for the ephors, which theoretically, would run Sparta.
The helots were serfs that consisted of people that were overtaken by Spartans military victories. These people had to give half their profits to the Spartan citizens that owned the lands they lived in. (History.com Spartans) The male and female roles of Sparta were vastly different compared to Athens. Male Spartans lived their lives trying to be the strongest warrior. Being a warrior was an honor and every Spartan man wanted to fight for Sparta.
Their traditional rules, about festivals and sanctuaries, were there to be obeyed without question.” This exemplifies that the Greek gods were of high importance and held the power to determine and undermine the way Spartan society, military and religion was practised in everyday life. Their worship emphasized the attributes most relevant to the city's ideals. The Dioscuri, Castor and Polydeuces, were twin gods who play an important part in Spartan society and worship as they were known and associated as young men and their pursuits of horsemanship, athletics, warfare and protectors of guests
A Spartan king was expected to fulfil many roles and ensure that Spartan continual welfare and survival were under control. Both of the kings were members of the gerousia, a chief priest, and commander –in-chief of the army and judge and lawgiver. One of the major roles the kings were apart of was the political duties, as citizens of Sparta kings were eligible to participate in the political issues of Sparta. Since they were members of the gerousia they were allowed to take part in debates this means that they could initiate both laws and policies in Sparta, but with this came the restriction of not having more power than the 28 member of the assembly itself. According to the ancient historian Herodotus , the kings had political privileges as he says , ‘’they shall sit with the twenty-eight gerontes in the council, but if they do not attend,
Often involved in politics, these people were born into wealth were known to use money and power in Rome’s political system to benefit themselves. The patricians were very much the minority to the much larger, but considerably less powerful plebeian class. The plebes were essentially the common man. The farmers, the peasants, the servants, and the slaves of Rome, the plebeian class, while large in numbers had little voice and political influence suffering due to the advantages wielded by the patrician
While the government has their constables and professional police which often consisted of the middle class. The government had been successful in separating the working and middle classes through the 1832 Reform Act by granting more social stature to the middle class. The state used this to their advantage as most middle class constables and police fought to keep their land and newfound position in the social hierarchy. A significant development at the time of chartism was the new railways built. Not only did they weaken chartism support as many people had jobs and work to go to but also after being completed, railways allowed dispatching larger groups of troops around the country to trouble spots to become easier and quicker.
Athenian women were not treated equally to men; however, Spartan women were. Therefore, a Spartans lifestyle is more appealing than an Athenians lifestyle. Sparta has a very strong Military, unlike Athens. Athens military is made up of volunteers with little training. Sparta’s military is made up of highly trained men, who’ve been training since the age of seven to thirty.
They were both city-states. Each trained their boys for battle, though Spartans did so much earlier in life. How did they differ? How they differ was that the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta were not. Athens was purely a democratic city-state while Sparta was an oligarchy (rule by few).