History Essay

399 WordsMar 4, 20152 Pages
How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? The people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community through being a free adult from Athenian and Spartan parents (which are very few), native-born and the amount of wealth one has. Who held public office? Public offices were held by wealthier citizens, the Areopagus, the assembly, the council, the strategoi or military commander and the archons (city magistrates). Many male citizens held public offices irrespective of class and in different areas or offices as mentioned above. They are often chosen by lot. What rules governed the selection of public office holders? The rules that govern the selection of public office holders was that they must be a free adult from Athenian and Spartan parents (which are very few), must be 30 years of age, must be native-born and wealthy and must be selected through lot to checkmate corruption. How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? The city-states ( Athens and Sparta) were similar in their governmental structures was that both of them were governed by elcted Assembly whose members were elected by their citizens. They were both cities in Greece. They both have large slave populations and treated slaves equally. They were both city-states. Each trained their boys for battle, though Spartans did so much earlier in life. How did they differ? How they differ was that the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta were not. Athens was purely a democratic city-state while Sparta was an oligarchy (rule by few). In Sparta the military professionals were the only ones who had the right to vote while in Athens, the aristocrats were wealthy landowners who were also military leaders. Sparta military

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