Both empires charged taxes to their people with the exception of slaves. Rome had a lot more slaves then Han China, however the slaves led to an economical downfall in both ancient Rome and Han China. The political structures of both were based on very well organized bureaucratic systems with strong monarchy sets of succession. Both empires emerged from small beginnings, but with plenty discipline and military toughness. Han China was built on earlier imperial traditions started by the Qin and Zhou.
Because the constitution was unwritten it was ever expanding to fit the needs of the Republic and its people. It is because of this “elastic” constitution, the republic lasted so long in Roman history. The early republic was controlled by an aristocracy. The patricians, who could trace their ancestry, back to the early history of the kingdom had the most sway over the government and the laws were made to keep them in power. (“The Roman Republic”) Over time, the laws that allowed these individuals to dominate the government were replaced and the result was a new aristocracy.
Next three signs are Economy, Government and Military. Economic development in Rome changed the economic relations of the people. Instead of producing more, people became more consumers and their expectations increased. Expanding of the empire which was firstly formed for the needs of city state caused governing and related with military problems. Centralized state became decentralized giving privileges to the regional governments.
The empires of the “Classical World” evolved techniques that helped control the advancing civilizations. Those techniques helped civilizations become unique and share many similarities and differences. The Roman Empire and Han China were two empires that progressed strongly through the “Classical World” and expanded their empire with the use of a strong administrative structure. The non-hereditary administration in both empires were controlled by emperors (known as a “Consul” in Rome) and a representation of the elite population through the Senate in Rome and the government officials in Han China that were chosen through an exam. Techniques of the both empires also grew through their military that defended the empires and conquered neighboring lands.
On the other hand, Rome had a centralized, mingled structure. The main focus points of the Roman Society were operated by a Roman Monarchy, which was disguised as a Republic, who controlled their complex structure. The Roman Society had more residents and rights than the Hans; Roman's political control lay in the hands of the wealthy, which were elected to a political seat. The governors were picked from family networks. The only way Romans could accomplish anything big in a certain time span was to make strong changes in their
King Louis XIV was a further powerful absolute monarch than King Philip II because he had more control over his people by forcing them to spend money on fashion while Philip didn’t. He used taxes and monopolies more efficient than Philip to make France more prosperous, and had the utmost powerful army in Europe. King Louis XIV started fashion in France so people could spend their money on it and don’t have enough to by weapons and finance themselves to rebel him. While as Philip didn’t pay attention to the importance of the idea so he lost the Dutch Netherlands by the rebellion of the people, which was imperative to his empire. He gave tax benefits to French companies, and to the middle class he gave them monopolies and who accepted would return him with a profit percentage and would collect taxes from people and return it to him.
The Han developed a supply of soilders, which kept their borders secured and made them capable to exchange with others from time to time. On the other hand, Rome had a centralized, mingled structure. The main focus points of the Roman Society were operated by a Roman Monarchy, which was disguised as a Republic, who controlled their complex structure. The only way Romans could accomplish anything big in a certain time span was to make strong changes in their community. It was an enormous weight on Rome's resources and power, when they had to stress over big wins.
History Homework Strengths Henry VIII inherited His father, Henry VII, left him with a country that was more united than it had been in 1485. The threat of rebellion amongst the people did exist but the state was more stable than it had been for centuries. Henry VII had effectively tamed the nobility so that it worked for the king rather than against it. Men of ability carried out central and local government as Henry VII had ensured that posts were open to those who could do the work competently as opposed to gaining positions as a result of family connections. The king was, by 1509, a far richer man than any former English monarch.
Mercantilism was an economic theory that increases a nation’s wealth by government regulation. By using the simple strategy of exporting more than a country imported and promoting domestic trade the government creates a monopoly over trade and the nation increases its wealth. Mercantilism played a large role in the colonization of the British North American Colonies for the following reasons. The main economic principle behind mercantilism requires more things to be put out then the country takes in, so raw materials are needed. A good way to get more materials involves finding more land to claim that has the materials on them, thus the British colonization of North America.
Though the Etruscans made Roma a metropolis, the Romans themselves adopted Greek artistic customs instead. They broke from traditional conventions however, and made their statues often more realistic and the coloration (which is now often lost) much gaudier. Greek paintings were too adopted in form, but such items did not survive antiquity. Secondly, the Romans adopted Greek mythology and philosophy. Originally, the chief deities of Vesta, Jupiter, Mars and Venus did not have mythology in Rome (with many being quite animistic).