Ap World History. Rome vs. Han China Essay

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The empires of the “Classical World” evolved techniques that helped control the advancing civilizations. Those techniques helped civilizations become unique and share many similarities and differences. The Roman Empire and Han China were two empires that progressed strongly through the “Classical World” and expanded their empire with the use of a strong administrative structure. The non-hereditary administration in both empires were controlled by emperors (known as a “Consul” in Rome) and a representation of the elite population through the Senate in Rome and the government officials in Han China that were chosen through an exam. Techniques of the both empires also grew through their military that defended the empires and conquered neighboring lands. Though only Rome also used their military to build roads and government buildings which contributed to the economic wealth of the empire, both empires had thriving economies and trading systems. The silk road helped connect the two prospering civilizations together. The techniques that were developed through administration, military, and trade helped Rome and Han China out live many other empires and continue to be strong, until the final years of their reign. A difference and similarities in administrative techniques used in Han China and Rome can be seen when looking at the emperors and legislative bodies. In Han China, the emperors where given the right to rule by the “Mandate of Heaven” which made all populous of the empire obey the ruler with out much question, giving him “the same obedience that children gave their fathers.” In contrast, Roman Consuls were placed into power by either their family right or by appointment of the previous Consul. Conflict grew between those who were appointed by the previous Consul and with those who had the family right making choosing the next emperor very tricky and often caused

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