British Imperialism- CEW Imperialism is a policy in which a strong nation (Great Britain) seeks to dominate weaker countries (India) politically, economically, and socially. Around the 1700’s, the British came to India due to economic interests in India. Before the arrival of British, the Mughal Empire had started to collapse. This made the arrival of British to India easier. During the occupation of British in India, they made a lot of profits due to the abundant resources in India.
The building of canals, Turnpike roads and railways allowed raw material within Britain to be transported to where they needed to be quickly. The British Empire has plenty of trading ships allowing cheap raw materials (cotton) to be brought back to Britain through Liverpool. Trading ships also carried finished goods from the mills out of the countries and canal boats, horse and carriages and trains later on transported finished products throughout Britain. Building a mill, equipping it with machines, and buying the materials to get it up and running was expensive; meaning the products made had to be sold for a profit. Often meaning that the materials needed were bought in overseas colonies for unfair prices and sold on to make a large profit some of which went back into buying new equipment to allow more cotton made faster and at a lower cost, increasing the profit even further.
It could be argued that there are multiple factors that could be argued to be the primary cause of the American Revolution. These factors include social, economic, and political causes, all of which branch out into far more intricate categories. However, a major precursor of the revolution was the tyrannical control with which Britain treated the Americans as an inferior people, mainly through absurd taxes. The colonists began to see the economic restraints that Britain’s laws placed on their lives. Americans grew to believe that the many taxes were levied for the enhancement of British capital at the expense of American welfare.
Why did colonization take place? Well if you look at jarred diamonds theory he believes that it is all to do with geographical factors such as terrain, animals and food supply within a certain country. Colonization also took place to expand a countries wealth and power. They then used this new found wealth and power to enforce there will onto the indigenous inhabitants of this newly found country. The colonialists would use their superior power to force the local inhabitants into a labour force, some may call this exploitation and in many cases it was but along with all this exploitation and violence was a new found infrastructure government system.
As England tried to hold its grip on the becoming independent colonies, Britain was in need of a centralized colonial government that should have been established from the beginning. Due to the great distance between America and England and its inefficient policies, the colonies had a great deal of freedom. When Britain decided to enforce their influence and rule on America following the Seven Years War, there was many areas of disagreement that eventually lead to the American Revolution. Following the victory of the French and Indian War, Britain gained control of half of the continent by the scratch of a pen (94). Britain's national debt doubled during the course of the war and the cost of extended empire cause a dramatic increase in the cost of living.
The main reason for any imperialistic expedition is money. The want of economic pull in remote regions can almost guarantee a stable and strong economy for a nation. With this in mind, the United Kingdom branched across the globe, founding colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. By the end of the 19th century, however, the UK was using colonies to seize raw materials that could fuel it’s rapidly growing industrial sector. Oil, tin, and rubber were in particularly high demand.
Using figure 3 and your own knowledge, explain why the pattern of economic power has changed over time. (10) The pattern of economic power has changed over time for a number of reasons. Firstly in 1913, the British Empire had 37% of global GDP. Britain was one of the very first to be industrialized, which allowed them to trade more globally and therefore increase their GDP through exports. Also the rise of the British Empire meant that they had very much influenced the world through colonization of countries they invaded.
The monarchs analyzed that by expanding their empire they would become more wealthy and potent. Colonies not only contributed to a bigger empire, but they also provided minerals and goods. Merchants realized that by paying for the equipment of the voyages they would receive part of the riches and supplies found on the conquered lands. One of the explorers who decided to travel because of this reason was Francis Drake. The third
EQ: What were the causes of the new imperialism of the 19th century, and how did it differ from European expansion in earlier periods? The world was in a time of great change. The Industrial Revolution occurring in was consuming vast amounts of resources, and the European powers needed more to feed their industrialization. The goods created by the Industrial Revolution also needed new markets to sell manufactured goods to. All of these problems made Europe look towards the other nations spread throughout the world.
The Impact of Mercantilism on Colonial Trade Mercantilism impacted colonial trade because it changed the way the Americans could import and export. Mercantilism demanded that for economic strength to develop, a nation needs to export more than it imports. The English passed regulatory laws that benefited the British economy. These laws made a trade system were the Americans shipped raw goods to Britain, and Britain used the raw goods to make manufactured goods that were sold in the European markets and at the colonies. Since they only supplied raw goods, the colonies could not compete with Britain in manufacturing.