‘German Aggression Was Responsible for the Outbreak of a General European War in August 1914’. How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement?

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‘German Aggression Was Responsible For The Outbreak of A General European War In August 1914’. How Far Do You Agree With This Judgement? Over the course of the last century, the question of who was to blame for the first world war has been up for intense debate. As such a recent event opinions have evolved dramatically since those first published soon after the end of the war meaning that a variety of theories are available. A somewhat controversial notion is that Germany was responsible for the outbreak of the war, evident in the country’s aggressive actions towards foreign policy and their non hesitant approach to the devision of the military planning and developments. It is difficult to conclude whether this opinion is totally reliable due to the strong part Germany did play in the build up to the war. Whether their actions were protective, in attempt to gain higher power status or preparatory for war, Germany cannot wholly be to blame. As many historians have less controversially said, the fragile alliance systems; the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance; in the setting of early twentieth century Europe meant that several countries were involved in the issues occurring in this time. Britain, France, Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany all had a significant part play in the the outbreak of the first world war. The argument that was controversially introduced in 1961 by the historian Fritz Fischer brought forward the idea that Germany encouraged war on several levels, in particular when they urged Austria-Hungary into war with Serbia and continued to do so even when it seemed clear that such a war could not be made to happen. Source 1 makes this argument with specific reference to Fischer’s claims. By “focusing on annexation” and “offering unconditional support to Austria-Hungary” Germany seemed to push towards a war. The ultimatum given to Serbia by
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